Abhrak bhasma Satva patan Satva Sodhan and Churnikaran Methods

Abhrak bhasma Satva patan Satva Sodhan and Churnikaran Methods

s.o.p of satva bhasma w.s.r to abhrak satva bhasma Pure Abhrak Bhasma,Powdered Abhrak Bhasma

Introduction Abhrak bhasma Satva patan Satva Sodhan

  • Pure Abhrak Bhasma,Powdered Abhrak Bhasma
  • § As per the Rasa text Satva bhasma has been claimed to be more efficacious then other Iron Bhasmas for the treatment of diseases and to positive health.
  • § Diabetes mellitus,TB or to improve immunity
  • & to promotes physical & mental vigour etc.
  • § Quality control is need of the hour.
  • § To assure the quality & to establish the standards for Abhrak satva bhasma an attempt was made in this regards .

 

ABHRAK SATVA BHASMA4

Abhrak bhasma Satva patan Satva Sodhan and Churnikaran Methods


Three steps — Abhrak bhasma Satva patan Satva Sodhan

  • 1
  • AbhrakSatvpatan
  • 2
  • Satva Sodhan&Churnikaran
  • 3
  • Abhrak SatvaMaran
  • Krishnabhraka
  • Sanskrit- Abhrak
  • English- Mica
• Sara bhag• Extraction
  • Krishnabhraka
  • Sanskrit- Abhrak
  • English- Mica

Satva patan :

  • § Satvapatan means extraction of desired metal or alloy from a mineral for the prepration of bhasma.

Four steps Rasa Tarangani

  • 1. Purification or refining of the mineral.
  • 2. Mixing with the reductant and flux etc.
  • 3. Agglomeration.
  • 4. Smelting.

  ABHRAK SATVA BHASMA1  

Satva dravikaran

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Satva pindikaran

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Material Sample (1) Sample (2) Sample (3)
Biotite 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg
Borax 1 kg 250 gm 1 kg 250 gm 1 kg 250 gm
Sweta Musli 2 kg 2 kg 2 kg
Water for Kwatha 20 lit 20 lit 20 lit
Wt of the balls 8 kg 7 kg 8.2 kg
Total time in Satv patan 6 hour 6 hour 7 hour
Wt of Mitrapanchak for pindikaran 100 gm 100 gm 100 gm
Wt of satva obtained 495 gm 490 gm 500 gm

Satva Sodhan &Churnikaran

Four steps Rasa Tarangani

  • Pure Abhrak Bhasma,Powdered Abhrak Bhasma
    • 1. Heating & quenching (Nirvapan).
    • 2. Powdering.
    • 3. Roasting & Trituration.
    • 4. Bhavna & Mardan.

 

Abhrak Satva Maran

ABHRAK SATVA BHASMA6

Material Sample (1) Sample (2) Sample (3)
Abhrak Satva 400 gm 400 gm 400 gm
Kanji for one nirvap 2 lit 2 lit 2 lit
Wt of powdered satva 410 gm 412 gm 415 gm
Amalki kwath for Bhavana & 3 Roasting 3 lit 3 lit 3 lit
Cow ghee for 3 time roasting 450 gm 450 gm 450 gm
Punarnava Swarasa for Bhavana 500 ml 500 ml 500 ml
Vasa swarasa for Bhavana 300 ml 300 ml 300 ml
Kanji for Bhavana 300 ml 300 ml 300 ml
Wt of final product 420 gm 415 gm 422 gm

 Successive steps

Kupi pakva Vidhi

  • (Process repeated two time in each sample)
Material Sample (1) Sample (2) Sample (3)
Abhrak Satva churna 240 gm 240 gm 240 gm
Sudh Parad 60 gm 60 gm 60 gm
Sudh Gandhak 60 gm 60 gm 60 gm
Time taken in kajjli formation 24 hour 24 hour 24 hour
Wt of kajjli 490 gm 490 gm 490 gm
Time in kupipaka 12 hour 12 hour 12 hour
Wt of Satva Sindur 110mg 100mg 104mg
Wt of Satva bhasma 265 gm 270 gm 263 gm
Wt of bhasma after 2nd k.paka 316 gm 310gm 315gm

Puta pakva Vidhi

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Ancient tests mentioned for Physico – chemical analysis of Bhasma

  • 1. Nischandratwa(Without shining or luster)
  • 2. Rekhapurna(enter into furrows of figure)
  • 3. Anjansadrisha( fine like collyrium)
  • 4. Laghuta ( lightness)
  • 5. Varitar ( Floates over water & unam )
  • 6. Mruduta ( softness)
  • 7. Slakhnatva. ( Smoothness )
  • 8. Nirdhoomatwa ( smokeless)

¢ B)

  • 1. Niruthatwa (not regaining it’s original form.)
  • 2. Apunarbhavatwa (not regaining it’s original
  • form.)
  • 3. Gatarasatwa (tastelessness / swadarahita)
  • 4. Avami (No vomiting sensation)
  • 5. Amlatva pariksha (test with sour – juice )

II.Method For Standardisation :

  • • Organoleptic characters
  • • Qualitative & Quantitative analysis by
  • Inductively coupled Plasma Atomic
  • Emmission Spectroscopy.
  • • PH value , Moisture content, Ash
  • value were noted.

1.Organoleptic characters ofAbhrak bhasma:

Characters Suddh Abhrak S.Abhrak Satva Abhrak Satva Bhasma
Color Krishna Dhuser Brick Red
Odour Dhanya gandhi Odourless Odourless
Taste Tasteless Tasteless Tasteless
Touch Smooth Smooth Smooth
Appearance Powder Powder AmorphusPowder

Physical constants of Abhraka Satva Bhasma


Characters Suddh Abhrak S.Abhrak Satva Abhrak Satva Bhasma
Moistre content 0.43 % 0.037 % 1.27 %
Acid insoluble content 48.52 % 1.32 % 6.87 %
Water soluble 0.46% 0.43% 11.46%
Ash value 96.61% 122.14 % 90.56%
PH value 10.77 7.73 3.83

Elements —


Elements S. Abhrak S.Abhrak Satva A.S. Bhasma
Fe2O3 14.14 85.9 56
MgO 7.44 0.0586 0.0648
Al 2 O3 17.16 0.290 0.405
K2O 5.75 0.057 0.210
Zn 0.02 0.0073 0.0273
Cd 0.0010 0.0008
Pb 0.0068 0.0068

 

CONCLUSION

  • ¢ Iron ,Magnessium , Aluminium , Silicon ,
  • Calcium, Potassium within permissible amount
  • and Zinc,Tin,Barium,Phosphorous,Manganese
  • in trace amount were detected in Abhrak Satva Bhasma.
  • ¢ Significant increase in percentage of Iron
  • as compared to % of Iron in Raw.
  • • Percentage of Abhrak Satva obtained was — 10 %.
  • • After sodhan increased wt of Abhrak Satva was – 2.5 %.
  • • After Kupipaka method increase in wt of Satva Bhasma was – 31.66 %.
  • • Wt of Satva Sindur obtained by Putpaka method was – 220 mg.
  • • After putpaka method no increase in wt of Satva Bhasma was observed.
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