The Brand Name AMF Has Generic Salt :: Amiloride
AMF Is From Company Elder Priced :: Rs. 14
AMF have Amiloride is comes under Sub class #N/A of Main Class #N/A
Main Medicine Class:: #N/A Sub Medicine Class :: #N/A
|Salt Name : OR Generic Name||Form||Price : MRP /Probable||Packing|
Indications for Drugs ::
Hypertension, Congestive heart failure, Hepatic cirrhosis with ascites and oedema
Drug Dose ::
Adult: PO: Hypertension Per tab contains amiloride 5 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg: 1/2 to 1 tab/day. Congestive heart failure Per tab contains amiloride 5 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg: 1/2 to 2 tabs/day. Hepatic cirrhosis with ascites and oedema Per tab contains amiloride 5 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg: 1-2 tabs/day.
Hyperkalaemia; anuria; acute renal failure, severe progressive renal disease; severe hepatic failure, precoma associated with hepatic cirrhosis; Addison’s disease; hypercalcaemia; diabetic neuropathy; DM. Child <18 yr. lactation. Drug Precautions ::
Renal impairment; BUN >10 mmol/L, serum creatinine >130 mmol/L. Monitor serum electrolytes and blood urea levels in seriously ill patients e.g. those with hepatic cirrhosis with ascites and metabolic alkalosis, or those with resistant oedema. Pre-existing severe liver disease. May affect parathyroid function. Hyperuricaemia or gout may occur. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels may be increased. Thiazides may impair glucose tolerance. DM may be precipitated or aggravated. May activate or exacerbate SLE. Elderly. Hyponatraemia. Pregnancy.
Drug Side Effects ::
Electrolyte imbalance e.g. hyponatraemia, hypochloraemic alkalosis, hypokalaemia and hypomagnesaemia. Anaphylaxis, back pain, chest pain, fatigue, fever, headache, malaise, neck/shoulder ache, pain in extremities, syncope, weakness; angina, arrhythmias, digitalis toxicity, orthostatic hypotension, necrotising angiitis, palpitation and tachycardia; GI disturbances; agranulocytosis, aplastic anaemia, haemolytic anaemia, leucopenia, neutropenia, purpura and thrombocytopenia; alopecia, diaphoresis, dry mouth, flushing, photosensitivity, pruritis, rash, sialadenitis and urticaria; glycosuria, gout, hyperglycaemia and hyperuricaemia; joint pain, leg ache and muscle cramps; dizziness, encephalopathy, paraesthesia, stupor, tremors, vertigo; decreased libido, depression, insomnia, mental confusion, nervousness, restlessness, sleepiness and somnolence; cough, dyspnoea and respiratory distress; bad taste, increased intraocular pressure, nasal congestion, tinnitus, visual disturbance and xanthopsia; bladder spasm, dysuria, impotence, incontinence, interstitial nephritis, nocturia, polyuria, renal dysfunction.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Amiloride is an antikaliuretic with weak natriuretic, diuretic and antihypertensive effects. Some clinical studies found these effects to be partially additive to the effects of thiazide diuretics. Amiloride exerts its potassium-sparing effect by inhibiting Na reabsorption at the distal renal tubules; this decreases the net -ve potential of the tubular lumen and reduces both K and hydrogen secretion and their subsequent excretion. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic and antihypertensive. It reduces electrolyte reabsorption from the renal tubules. Hydrochlorothiazide increases excretion of Na and chloride in approx equiv amounts. Natriuresis may be accompanied by some loss of K and bicarbonate. It exerts its hypotensive effect partly by reducing peripheral resistance.
Drug Interactions ::
Additive effects with other antihypertensives. May increase the responsiveness to tubocurarine. May reduce arterial responsiveness to pressor amines e.g. norepinephrine. Orthostatic hypotension may occur with alcohol, barbiturates and narcotics. Discontinue diuretics 2-3 days before initiation of an ACE inhibitor to reduce the likelihood of 1st dose hypotension. Increased hypokalaemia with corticosteroids or ACTH. Attenuation of diuretic, natriuretic and antihypertensive effects of diuretics with NSAIDs. Increased hyponatraemia with chlorpropamide. Increased hyperkalaemia with ciclosporin, tacrolimus, indometacin and angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Potentially Fatal: Increases risk of hyperkalaemia with other potassium-sparing diuretics (spironolactone or triamterene). Increases risk of lithium toxicity.