The Brand Name ARDULIN Has Generic Salt :: ADRENALINE
ARDULIN Is From Company VHB Priced :: Rs. N.I.
ARDULIN have ADRENALINE is comes under Sub class #N/A of Main Class #N/A
Main Medicine Class:: #N/A Sub Medicine Class :: #N/A
|Salt Name : OR Generic Name||Form||Price : MRP /Probable||Packing|
Indications for Drugs ::
Drug Dose ::
Parenteral Acute asthma Adult: 0.3-0.5 ml (300-500 mcg). Dose may be given via IM or SC inj. Child: 0.01 ml/kg (10 mcg/kg). Max: 0.5 ml (500 mcg). Dose may be given via IM or SC inj. Intravenous Advanced cardiac life support (Cardiac Arrest) Adult: 1. Intravenous injection: 1 mg injection repeated every 2-3 minutes as necessary. 2. Endotracheal: 2-3 mg via an endotracheal tube, repeated as necessary. 3. Intracardiac injection: 0.1 to 1 mg, direct into the atrium of the heart. 4. Intraspinal use: Usual dose is 0.2 to 0.4 mg added to anesthetic spinal fluid mixture (to prolong anesthetic action by limiting absorption). Child: Initially, 10 mcg/kg, may repeat as often as every 2-3 minutes throughout the resuscitation process. Endotracheal doses: 100 mcg/kg. Intraosseous doses are the same as IV doses. Max Dosage: Intraosseous doses for adults and children are the same as IV doses. Anaphylactic shock Adult: 0.5 mg (5 mL) given at a slow rate of 100 mcg/minute, stopping when a response is achieved. Child: 10 mcg/kg. If auto injectors are used, doses are based on body wt: 15-30 kg: 150 mcg and >30 kg: 300 mcg. Intramuscular Anaphylactic shock Adult: 500 mcg (0.5 ml), repeat every 5 minutes as needed until improvement occurs. For emergency self-admin (e.g. via autoinjector): A dose of 300 mcg (0.3 ml) may be used. Child: Dose depends on age and weight. Usual dose: 10 mcg/kg.
Preexisting hypertension; occlusive vascular disease; angle-closure glaucoma (eye drops); hypersensitivity; cardiac arrhythmias or tachycardia. When used in addition to local anaesthetics: Procedures involving digits, ears, nose, penis or scrotum.
Drug Precautions ::
CV diseases; hyperthyroidism; DM; Parkinson’s disease; elderly; pregnancy, lactation.
Drug Side Effects ::
CNS effects; GI disturbances; epigastric pain; CV disorders; difficulty in micturition with urinary retention; dyspnoea; hyperglycaemia; sweating; hypersalivation; weakness, tremors; coldness of extremities; hypokalaemia. Gangrene, tissue necrosis and sloughing (extravasation) when used in addition to local anaesthetics. Eye drops: Severe smarting, blurred vision, photophobia; naso-lachrymal ducts obstruction. Oedema, hyperaemia and inflammation of the eyes with repeated administration.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Epinephrine, an active principle of the adrenal medulla, is a direct-acting sympathomimetic. It stimulates alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors resulting in relaxation of smooth muscle of the bronchial tree, cardiac stimulation and dilation of skeletal muscle vasculature. It is frequently added to local anaesthetics to retard diffusion and limit absorption, to prolong the duration of effect and to lessen the danger of toxicity.
Drug Interactions ::
Halogenated inhalation anaesthetics; alpha- or beta-blocking agents; methyldopa, guanethidine; drugs with vasoconstrictor and pressor effects; antihypertensives; adrenergic neuron blockers; potassium-depleting drugs; cardiac glycosides; ephedra, yohimbe. TCAs may induce hypertension and arrhythmia.