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Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea is a subjective symptom  disorders that also cause vomiting. Vomiting can result from the stimulation of  four neurologic processes of Nausea and Vomiting — vagal and splanchnic fibers in the viscera, stimulated by distention,infection,or  inflammatory irritation,   vestibular system fibers mediated through muscarinic cholinergic and histamine H1 receptors, sounds, or emotions ,higher central nervous system (CNS) centers where […]

Serrafenac SP

Serrafenac SP :: Aceclofenac100mg, Paracetamol325mg, Serratiopeptidase 15mg The Brand Name Serrafenac SP® Has Generic Salt :: Aceclofenac100mg, Paracetamol325mg, Serratiopeptidase 15mg  Serrafenac SP®  Is From Company MedicScience Life Care Pvt.Ltd Priced :: Rs. 115 Serrafenac SP® have  Aceclofenac100mg, Paracetamol325mg, Serratiopeptidase 15mg  is comes under Sub class Analgics of  Main Class Anti Inflamatory Main Medicine Class:: Anti Inflamatory  Sub Medicine Class :: Analgesics   Salt Name : […]

SFX 200 DT

The Brand Name SFX 200 DT® Has Generic Salt :: Cefixime  SFX 200 DT®  Is From Company MedicScience Life Care Pvt.Ltd Priced :: Rs. 115 SFX 200 DT® have Cefixime is comes under Sub class Cephalosporins of  Main Class Anti Infectives Main Medicine Class:: Anti Infectives  Sub Medicine Class :: Cephalosporins   Salt Name :  OR Generic Name Form Price : MRP /Probable Packing Cefixime […]


The Brand Name MS COOL DSR® Has Generic Salt :: Rabeprazole,domperidone  MS COOL DSR®  Is From Company MedicScience Life Care Pvt.Ltd Priced :: Rs. 60 MS COOL DSR® have Rabeprazole,domperidone is comes under Sub class GERD, of  Main Class Gastrointestinal System Main Medicine Class:: Gastrointestinal System  Sub Medicine Class :: GERD,   Salt Name :  OR Generic Name Form Price : MRP /Probable Packing Rabeprazole,domperidone […]


The Brand Name MS FORT-G Has Generic Salt :: GINSENG,NATURAL BETA CAROTENE,MIXED CAROTENOIDS ,L-LYSINE WITH ANTIOXIDANT ,MULTIVITAMINS  MS FORT-G®  Is From Company MedicScience Life Care Pvt.Ltd :: Rs. 95 MS FORT-G® have GINSENG,NATURAL ,MIXED  MULTIVITAMINS is comes under Sub class X MULTIVITAMIN, MULTIVITAMINS,GINSENG of  Main Class Vitamin Main Medicine Class:: Vitamin Sub Medicine Class :: Multivitamins  Salt Name :  OR Generic Name Form Price : […]

Arbuda or Cancer Ayurvedic Review

The above mention is various meanings of the word “ARUBADA”. We are considered “ARUBADA”as a disease process including the meaning “One hundred millions” means cancer cells are concerned more with growth in the since of reproduction it self than with the function. DEFINATION: Acharya Sushurta has described very clear and detailed definition. That is “The […]

Aldosteronism Clinical features Causes and Treatment

Aldosteronism   Clinical features Causes and Treatment definition Aldosteronism is a syndrome with hypersecretion of mineralocorticoid aldosterone. Primary aldosteronism is excessive aldosterone production due to disease of adrenal glands. It is also called nodular hyperplasia or idiopathic hyperaldos­teronism. Nonsuppressible (primary) hypersecretion of aldosterone is a underdiagnosed cause of hypertension. There is hypokalemia, diastolic hypertension, extra […]

How to Manage Hay Fever at Home

Tips and Tricks for How to manage Hay Fever Common Symptoms of Hay Fever — Sneezing attacks, a streaming nose and itchy eyes are all symptoms of hay fever, which can plague thousands of people. If left untreated, hay fever can make the sufferer feel lousy.  sleep disorders due to difficulty in breathing. There is […]


LABORATORY TESTS FOR ADRENAL FUNCTION · Tests of pituitary adrenal responsiveness. · Suppression tests -are measurement of target hormone response after suppression of its tropic hormone. · Stimulation tests · Plasma ‘Levels of ACTH and angiotensin II. · Measurement of urinary free cortisol · Measurement of urinary creatinine · Measurement of plasma and urinary level […]

Adrenal Gland Steroids

Adrenal Gland Diseases 9V7GZUQ7PBG5 The adrenal cortex produces 3 steroids: 9V7GZUQ7PBG5  9V7GZUQ7PBG5 1. Glucocorticoids 2. Mineralocorticoids 3. Adrenal androgens The function of these steroids are: 1. Glucocorticoids – modulate intermediary me­tabolism and immune responses of the body. 2. Mineralocorticoids – Regulate blood pressure, vascular volume and electrolytes. 3. Adrenal androgens are responsible for second­ary sex […]

Thyroid Goiter

GOITER of THYROID Acute thyroiditis is an inflammatory condition of thy­roid due to suppurative infection. enlarged thyroid gland may be caused by thyroiditis, benign thyroid nodules, malignancy, iodine deficiency, or any condition that causes hyperfunction or hypofunction of the gland Types of GOITER aberrant goiter: A supernumerary goiter. acute goiter: A goiter that grows rapidly. […]

GREEN TEA Health Benefits

GREEN TEA The plant CAMELLIA SINENSIS is the source of leaves with which green tea is prepared .all green tea comes from this plant .the different varieties have been divided on the basis of their place of origin and appearance.   GREEN TEAORIGIN: China has been the leaders in terms of origin of green tea in the world […]

Thyrotoxic crisis or Thyroid storm

Thyrotoxic crisis or thyroid storm It is a life-threatening hyperthyroidism with fever, seizures, coma, vomiting, diarrhoea, jaundice. A rare but often life-threatening medical emergency resulting from untreated hyperthyroidism Death can occur due to cardiac failure, arrhythmias, hyperthermia. Thyrotoxic crisis Symptoms include : — and fingernails may separate from the nail bed (Plummer’s nails). Cardiovascular findings […]

Grave’s disease Causes and Treatment

Grave’s disease Grave’s disease is thyrotoxicosis, common in females, associated with high iodine intake, occurring between 20 – 50 years of age. Grave’s ophthalmopathy Besides the signs of thyrotoxicosis, there is Grave’s ophthalmopathy. decreased extraocular muscle mobility, and corneal injury, periorbital edema, periorbital and conjunctival inflammation, Ophthalmopathy associated with hyperthyroidism with the clinical characteristics of […]

Hyperthyroidism or THYROTOXICOSIS Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Thyrotoxicosis is a state of thyroid hormone excess. Hyperthyroidism is excessive thyroid function. Hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis defines a spectrum of clinical findings consistent with thyroid hormone excess. Causes of Thyrotoxicosis Primary hyperthyroidism · Grave’s disease · Toxic multinodular goitre · Toxic adenoma · Thyroid carcinoma · Iodine excess (Jod-Basedow phenomenon) · Subacute thyroiditis · Drugs […]

Myxedema coma Diagnosis and Treatment

Myxedema coma  This is a state of hypothyroidism with altered con­sciousness or coma, sometimes seizures. There may be hypothermia. It is common in the elderly, and precipitated by seda-‘ tives, antidepressants, pneumonia, CHF, MI, cere­brovascular accidents. marked by neurological dysfunction, by respiratory depression, and by lowered body temperature, blood pressure, blood sugar, and serum sodium. […]

HYPOTHYROIDISM Causes Diagnosis and Treatment

What is HYPOTHYROIDISM ? Hypothyroidism is a state of deficient function of the thyroid gland i.e. deficient secretion of thyroid hor­mones. In hypothyroidism normal thyroid hormone levels are maintained by a rise in TSH. This is called subclinical hypothyroidism. Later free T4 level falls and TSH levels rise further. This is the stage of clinical […]

Thyroid Disorders Examination and Laboratory tests

Thyroid Disorders Thyroid gland produces 2 hormones – Thyroxine or T4 and Triiodothyronine or T3. Functions of the thyroid hormones are: · They help in cell differentiation · Maintain temperature and metabolism. Disorders of Thyroid are due to 1. Overproduction ofthyroid hormone – Thyrotoxi­cosis 2. Decreased production of thyroid hormone – Hy­pothyroidism 3. Thyroid -nodules […]

SIADH or Syndrome of inappropriate ADH (AVP)

SIADH or Syndrome of inappropriate ADH (AVP) There is excessive secretion of AVP resulting in pas­sage of decreased volume of highly concentrated urine. There is water retention and decrease in plasma so­dium and plasma osmolarity. It is called dilutional hyponatraemia. It may be asymptomatic or there may be headache, confusion, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, coma and […]

Identify Your Body Dosha (VATA, PITTA, KAPHA) Type

Identify Your Body Dosha These are some of the most common questions based on various researches in People behaviours and lifestyle, with regarding to their Body types, Just simply give these all questions with some patience and just press the calculate button and you will got the average score of your body Dosha accoding the […]

Diabetes Insipidus (DI) Causes Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetes insipidus (DI) Disorders of Neurohypophysis  The neurohypophysis or posterior pituitary gland is made up of nerve tissues originating in su­praoptic and paraventricular nuclei of hypothala­mus. It produces 2 hormones: 1. AVP or arginine vasopressin, also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH). 2. Oxytocin AVP acts on renal tubules to absorb the water back into the […]

Cushing’s Syndrome Symptoms Causes and Treatment

Cushing’s Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Cushing’s disease is a hormone disorder caused by high levels of cortisol in the blood disease in which there is ex­cess ACTH secretion, by pituitary adenomas. Cushing’s syndrome is the signs and symptoms that result from prolonged exposure to excessive glucocorticoid hormones. Cushing’s disease: Cushing’s syndrome hormone disorder  […]

ACTH and TSH DEFICIENCY Diagnosis with Treatment

ACTH DEFICIENCY ACTH SYNTHESIS — POMC also contains the sequences for other hormonal peptides, including the melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSHs) lipotropins (LPHs), and beta-endorphin (beta-END) ACTH is synthesized as part of a large precursor (241 amino acids in humans) called proopiomelanocortin (POMC). Adrenal insufficiency secondary to ACTH defi­ciency is due to : · glucocorticoid withdrawal after […]

Growth and Development Disorders GHD Diagnosis Treatment

DISORDERS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Growth is dependent on GH, IGF, sex steroids, thy­roid hormones, paracrine growth factors and cytokines. Growth also requires caloric energy, amino acids, vi­tamins and trace metals. Short stature results due to intrinsic and extrinsic factors which impair growth. Growth  GHD Causes may be : Most common cause of GHD in children […]

Hypothalamic, Pituitary And Other Sellar Masses

HYPOTHALAMIC, PITUITARY AND OTHER SELLAR MASSES Pituitary tumors , Pituitary adenomas   : Commonest tumors are pitu­itary adenomas. These are benign and their features depend on the cell type from which they occur. They may arise from PRL, GH, ACTH, TSH, LH and FSH producing cells r;esulting in features of hyperse­cretion of the hormones. There is autonomous […]

Hypopituitarism Diagnosis and Treatment

PRESENTATIONS OF HYPOPITUITARISM This depends on the hormones which are deficient. GH deficiency causes growth disorder and abnor­mal body structure. Gonadotrophin deficiency causes infertility, men­strual and sexual dysfunction and loss of secondary sexual characteristics in men. TSH and ACTH deficiency cause growth retarda­tion, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency. Mineralo­corticoid action is retained. PRL(prolactin) deficiency causes failure of […]

Anterior Pituitary Hormones and Disorders

Disorders of Anterior PituitaryHormones The anterior pituitary is called the master gland be­ , it regulates the function of most other endocrine organs. The anterior pituitary gla’nd produces 6 major hor­mones. 1, Prolactin (PRL) 2. Growth hormone (GH) 3. Adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) 4. Luteinizing hormone (LH) 5. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) 6. Thyroid stimulating hormone […]

Biochemical analysis of Dosha Dhatu Mala In Ayurveda

BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DOSHA -DHATU-MALA INTRODUCTION n Ayruveda has taken rapid strides over the last decade in realizing people all over the world to probe into basics of physical and psychological heath related problems of fast changing life styles. Countries including India are once again recognizing the importance of science of life i.e Ayurveda and […]

Diagnostic Methods in Ayurveda Trividh Pariksha

DIAGNOSTIC METHODS IN AYURVEDA (Ayurvedic Diagnosis) Trividh Pariksha (Darshan, Sparshan, Prashna). Dashavidh Rog and Rogi pariksha (CH.VI.8) Nidan Panchak. Shatkriyakal. Ashtavidh Rogi Pariksha,( including mala,mutra). Mrittikabhakshana in ‘Pandu’ Roga. 9548054700 Makshikosarpana to body, blood and urine in Madhumeha. Physical examination (rupa,rasa,gandha,sparsha) for body fluids like rakta,shukra, stanya,artava, mutra,sweda and kh-mala. Tailabindu pariksha. There were many […]

Glycogen Storage Diseases von Gierke disease, Andersen’s disease, McArdle’s disease

Glycogen Storage Diseases Carbohydrate metabolism provides energy for meta­bolic functions of cell. Metabolism of glucose generates ATP by glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. Any one of several heritable diseases characterized by the abnormal storage and accumulation of glycogen in the tissues, esp. in the liver Dietary sources of glucose: · Polysaccharide (starch) · Disacchride (lactose, maltose, […]

Porphyrias Inherited disorders Causes Classifications Diagnosis and Treatment

Porphyrias The porphyrias are inherited disorders. porphyrias are metabolic disorders caused by altered activities of enzymes within the heme biosynthetic pathway Acute intermittent porphyria: Pyrroloporphyria; neuropsychiatric–abdominal -Aminolevulinic aciduria; neuropsychiatric–abdominal Congenital erythropoietic porphyria: Günther disease; severe dermatologic Hereditary coproporphyria: Neuropsychiatric, occasionally dermatologic Other rare genetic variants reported Porphobilinogen synthetase deficiency: Porphyria cutanea tarda: Dermatologic Protoporphyria: Erythropoietic […]

Disease of Joints and Musculoskeletal Disorders OSTEOARTHRITIS and GOUT

Disease of Joints and Musculoskeletal Disorders OSTEOARIRITIS Also called degenerative joint disease. Hip osteoarthritis is more common in men and small joints and knee OA is more common in women. There is damage to cartilage, remodeling and hyper­trophy of bone. There is bone and muscle wasting. OSTEOARIRITIS Clinical Features · There is deep pain in […]

Amyloidosis Symptoms Diagnosis Prognosis and Treatment

Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is deposition of insoluble amyloid fibrils in extracellular spaces of organ and tis­sues due to abnormal protein folding. metabolic disorders resulting from the insidious deposition of protein-containing fibrils (amyloid) in tissues, diseases characterized by extracellular deposition of insoluble protein fibrils in organs and tissues clinical manifestations of amyloidosis are enormously varied, and the […]

Sarcoidosis Causes Diagnosis Symptoms and Treatment

Sarcoidosis It is a chronic, multisystem disorder of unknown cause. chronic multisystem disease of unknown etiology, characterized by noncaseating (hard) granulomas and lymphocytic alveol, Sarcoidosis is a noninfectious, multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown cause, commonly affecting young and middle-aged adults. Almost any other organ may be involved, including liver, spleen, lymph nodes, heart, and CNS. […]

Vasculitis Syndrome Causes Differential Diagnosis Symptoms and Treatment

Vasculitis Syndrome Vasculitis is a disease of blood vessels with in­flammation and damage. Vasculitis may be a disease of the blood vessels itself or it may be secondarily affected due to a systemic disease. destruction of blood vessel walls, with subsequent aneurysm formation, bleeding, thrombosis, or ischemia in the various vascular beds and organs Differential […]

Systemic Sclerosis Diagnosis Symptoms Treatment Management

 Diagnosis Systemic Sclerosis — Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis [SSc]) is a chronic disease of unknown cause characterized by diffuse fibrosis of skin and visceral organs and vascular abnormalities History Raynaud phenomenon is frequently the initial complaint. Skin thickening, “puffy hands,” and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are often noted early in the disease process. Systemic Sclerosis Physical […]

Systemic Sclerosis Classification Prognosis and Complications

Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma) Systemic Sclerosis Classification Epidemiology Pathology Prognosis and Complications It is a chronic multisystem disorder. There is thickening of the skin due to accumula­tion of connective tissue affecting the structure and function of gastrointestinal system (GIT), lungs, heart, kidneys and other organs. There is vascular damage, and other immune processes resulting in damage […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic multisystem disease. There are systemic manifestations. There is persistent inflammatory synovitis. chronic systemic disease marked by inflammation of multiple synovial joints,Involves peripheral joints symmetrically. There is damage of cartilage and bone. Patients typically complain of joint stiffness in the morning rather […]

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Diagnosis Symptoms and Treatment

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Diagnosis Symptoms and Treatment Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an au­toimmune disease of unknown etiology in which there is tissue damage by pathogenic antibod­ies. Multisystem autoimmune inflammatory disease characterized by fluctuating, chronic course; varies from mild to severe and may be life-threatening (CNS and renal forms) chronic […]

Chronic pancreatitis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment

Chronic pancreatitis Diseases Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment Chronic pancreatitis Pregentation · Abdominal pain · Steatorrhea. A form of pancreatitis that results from repeated or massive pancreatic injury, marked by the formation of scar tissue, which leads to malfunction of the pancreas Irreversible: Progressive destruction of the pancreas Results in both exocrine and endocrine deficiencies Pain, […]

ACUTE PANCREATITIS Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment

ACUTE PANCREATITIS Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment ACUTE PANCREATITIS acute inflammatory process of the pancreas. It is usually associated with severe acute upper abdominal pain and elevated blood levels of pancreatic enzymes The pancreas secretes 1500 to 3000 ml of pancreatic fluid with about 20 enzymes. The disease may be relatively mild, resolving in 3 or […]

Pancreatitis (inflammatory disease of pancreas) Signs and Symptoms Diagnostic Tests

Pancreatitis (inflammatory disease of pancreas) Signs and Symptoms Diagnostic Tests Pancreatic Diseases Pancreatitis is inflammatory disease of pan­creas Various presentations of Pancreatitis : · Hypertriglyceridemia · Vitamin B12 malsorption · Hypercalcemia · Hypocalcemia · Hyperglycemia · Ascites · Pleural effusion · Chronic abdominal pain. Pancreatitis Prognosis: Several techniques are used to determine how well (or how […]

VARICEAL BLEEDING Clinical features Diagnosis and Treatment

VARICEAL BLEEDING Clinical features Diagnosis and Treatment VARICEAL BLEEDING It results from portal systemic venous collaterals when portal hypertension is more than 12 mmHg. Clinical features,: There is painless hematemesis, tachycardia and even shock. VARICEAL BLEEDING Differential diagnosis : Peptic ulcer and gastritis. Endoscopy is done for proper diagnosis. Variceal bleeding is serious emergency patients […]

Portal Hypertension Clinical Features Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment

Portal Hypertension Clinical Features Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment Portal Hypertension Normal pressure in portal vein is 5-10 mmHg. Vascular resistance in hepatic sinusoids is low. Increased pressure in the portal vein caused by an obstruction of the flow of blood through the liver. Portal hypertension is found in diseases such as cirrhosis, Portal hypertension is […]

Post Hepatitis and Cryptogenic Cirrhosis Cardiac, Cirrhosis, Metabolic, Hereditary, Drug Related Cirrhosis

Post Hepatitis and Cryptogenic Cirrhosis Cardiac, Cirrhosis, Metabolic, Hereditary, Drug Related Cirrhosis POST HEPATITIC AND CRYPTOGENIC CIRRHOSIS Post hepatitis or post necrotic cirrhosis may follow any chronic liver disease. Cryptogenic cirrhosis is cirrhosis of unknown etiol­ogy. POST HEPATITIC Cirrhosis Etiology · Cirrhosis may follow viral hepatitis B or C. · It is especially common in […]

Biliary Cirrhosis (Primary and Secondary) Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment

Biliary Cirrhosis (Primary and Secondary) Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment BILIARY CIRRHOSIS Biliary cirrhosis occurs due to injury or prolonged obstruction of intrahepatic or extrahepatic biliary sys­tem. There is destruction of liver cells and progres­sive fibrosis with biliary obstruction. In primary biliary cirrhosis there is intrahepatic bile ductules obstruction. progressive jaundice, consequences of impaired bile excretion, […]