The Brand Name BIOTREXATE Has Generic Salt :: Methotrexate
BIOTREXATE Is From Company Biochem Priced :: Rs. 99
BIOTREXATE have Methotrexate is comes under Sub class Anti Neoplastic Agents of Main Class Anti Neoplastic Agents
Main Medicine Class:: Anti Neoplastic Agents Sub Medicine Class :: Anti Neoplastic Agents
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Indications for Drugs ::
Burkitt’s lymphoma, Choriocarcinoma, Mycosis fungoides, Crohn’s disease, Psoriasis, Osteosarcoma, Breast cancer, lymphosarcoma, Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, Rheumatoid arthritis
Drug Dose ::
Adult: PO Burkitt’s lymphoma 10-25 mg/day for 4-8 days, repeat after 7-10 days. Choriocarcinoma 15-30 mg/day for 5 days, repeat after an interval of at least 1 wk for 3-5 courses. Mycosis fungoides 2.5-10 mg/day to induce remission. Rheumatoid arthritis 7.5 mg once wkly, adjust if needed. Up to 20 mg/wk. Crohn’s disease 12.5-22.5 mg once wkly for up to 1 yr. PO/IV/IM Psoriasis 10-25 mg once wkly, adjust subsequent doses if needed. IV Osteosarcoma 12-15 g/m2 as infusion, followed by folinic acid. Breast cancer 10-60 mg/m2 often w/ cyclophosphamide and fluorouracil. Advanced lymphosarcoma Up to 30 mg/kg, followed by folinic acid rescue. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Maintenance: 2.5 mg/kg every 14 days. PO/IM Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Maintenance: 15 mg/m2 1-2 times/wk w/ other agents. IM Choriocarcinoma 15-30 mg/day for 5 days. Repeat after at least 1 wk for 3-5 courses. Mycosis fungoides 50 mg/wk in 1-2 divided doses. Crohn’s disease 25 mg once wkly for 16 wk. Maintenance: 15 mg/wk. Intrathecal Meningeal leukaemia 12 mg/m2 (Max: 15 mg) once wkly for 2-3 wk, then once mthly. Renal impairment: CrCl (ml/min) 61-80 75% of dose 51-60 70% of dose 10-50 30-50% of dose <10 avoid use hepatic impairment: bilirubin 3.1-5 mg>5 mg/dl: Avoid use.
Severe renal or hepatic impairment, pre-existing profound bone marrow suppression in patients with psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis, alcoholic liver disease, AIDS, pre-existing blood dyscrasias, pregnancy (in patients with psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis), breast-feeding.
Drug Precautions ::
Hepatic or renal impairment, bone marrow depression, elderly, neonates. Ulcerative disorders of the GI tract. Monitor haematological, renal and hepatic function, and GI toxicity regularly.
Drug Side Effects ::
Ulceration of the mouth and GI disturbances (e.g. stomatitis and diarrhoea), bone marrow depression, hepatotoxicity, renal failure, skin reactions, alopecia, ocular irritation, arachnoiditis in intrathecal use, megaloblastic anaemia, osteoporosis, precipitation of diabetes, arthralgias, necrosis of soft tissue and bone, anaphylaxis, impaired fertility. Potentially Fatal: Pulmonary reactions (e.g. interstitial lung disease); neurotoxicity (e.g. leukoencephalopathy, paresis, demyelination) with intrathecal use; foetal deaths.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Methotrexate is a folic acid antagonist that inhibits DNA synthesis. It irreversibly binds to dihydrofolate reductase, inhibiting the formation of reduced folates, and thymidylate synthetase, resulting in inhibition of purine and thymidylic acid synthesis.
Drug Interactions ::
Decreased effectiveness with folic acid and its derivatives. Potentially Fatal: Increased toxicity with NSAIDs and salicylates; probenecid; some penicillins; aminoglycosides neomycin and paromomycin; sulfonamides such as sulfafurazole and sulfamethoxazole; co-trimoxazole or trimethoprim; nephrotoxic agents (e.g. cisplatin); ciclosporin; etretinate. Synergistic enhancement of effects with fluorouracil. Increased bioavailability of mercaptopurine. Reduces serum-valproate concentrations. Reduced serum concentrations with colestyramine. Increased serum concentrations with omeprazole.