Echinococcosis or Hydatid Disease Infection Causes Signs and Symptoms Diagnosis with Treatment

ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASE

Infection in humans is caused by larva of Echinococ­cus granulosus. The definitive hosts are dogs.

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ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASECOMPLICATIONS OF Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) AND TREATMENT -2. Read more ... » Infection in humans
  • Eggs’are passed in the faeces of dogs.
  • Cysts develop in man after ingestion of eggs.
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HYDATID DISEASE Infection in humans is caused by larva of Echinococ­cus granulosus

Etiology OF ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASE:

  • · After man eats the eggs, the embryos / larva penetrate the intestine, enter the portal circula­tion and go to the liver and lungs. The larvas develop into hydatid cysts.
  • · Daughter cysts develop inside the hydatid cysts.
  • New larvas also develop in brood capsules which are cystic structures inside the hydatid cysts.
  • · The cysts increase in size and may even rup­ture.
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Echinococcosis or Hydatid Disease LIFE CYCLE

Clinical features OF ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASE:

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Echinococcosis or Hydatid Disease CYSTS


Diagnosis OF ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASE:

  • · Cysts may be seen in X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, CT scans.
  • · Well-defined cysts with thick and thin walls like egg shell or thick lines may be seen on CT or uItrasou nd.
  • · Aspirated fluid from cysts may show scolices and hooklets.
  • · Serodiagnostic assay - Specific echinococcal antigens by immunoblot is a highly specific test.

Treatment OF ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASE:

Contraindications —
  • Patients at the extremes of age
  • Pregnant women
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations, surgery is contraindicated in:
  • Patients whose general condition is very poor
  • Patients with multiple cysts or cysts that are difficult to access Patients with dead or totally calcified cysts
Prevention ECHINOCOCCOSIS OR HYDATID DISEASE :
  • · Proper hygiene
  • · Praziquantel to dogs to reduce infection.

WHO recommendations state that medical therapy should be used for :

  • Multiple small liver cysts or cysts deep in liver parenchyma
  • Peritoneal cysts Patients following incomplete surgery or relapse
  • Patients with inoperable disease or those unfit for surgery
  • Patients with multiple cysts in two or more organs
  • Prevention of secondary spread of echinococcal infection following spontaneous rupture or aspiration of cysts

 

HYMENOLEPIASIS NANA

 

HYMENOLEPIASIS NANA hg
HYMENOLEPIASIS NANA
HYMENOLEPIASIS NANA u
HYMENOLEPIASIS NANA LIFE CYCLE

 

Treatment OF HYMENOLEPIASIS NANA:

  • Praziquantel – 25 mg/kg single dose.

2 thoughts on “Echinococcosis or Hydatid Disease Infection Causes Signs and Symptoms Diagnosis with Treatment

  1. would you like to see some CT scan and x-rays of the lungs of a young girl whose doctors are suspecting of having Hydatid cyst?

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