The Brand Name MALARCIN Has Generic Salt :: Amikacin
MALARCIN Is From Company Malar Hc. Priced :: Rs. 15.60/54.00
MALARCIN have Amikacin is comes under Sub class Aminoglycosides of Main Class Anti Infectives
Main Medicine Class:: Anti Infectives Sub Medicine Class :: Aminoglycosides
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Indications for Drugs ::
Tuberculosis, Complicated and recurrent urinary tract infections, Severe Gram-negative infections, Non-tubercular mycobacterial infections, Bacterial septicemia, Infections of the respiratory tract, Bones and joints, Central nervous system and skin and soft tissue, Intra-abdominal infections, Burns, Postoperative infections, Meningitis, Peritonitis, Neonatal sepsis
Drug Dose ::
Parenteral Uncomplicated urinary tract infections Adult: 250 mg bid, given via IM, IV inj over 2-3 minutes or as IV infusion. Severe Gram-negative infections resistant to gentamicin and tobramycin Adult: 15 mg/kg daily in equally divided doses injected every 8 or 12 hr for 7-10 days. Max: Up to 500 mg every 8 hr in life-threatening infections. Max cumulative dose: 15 g. Doses may be given via IM, slow IV inj over 2-3 minutes or IV infusion. Child: 15 mg/kg daily in equally divided doses injected every 8 or 12 hr for 7-10 days. Neonates: 10 mg/kg daily in 2 divided doses. Impaired renal function: In patient with impaired renal function the daily dose should be reduced and/or the intervals between doses increased to avoid accumulation of the drug. Simple doses schedule for renal impairment is given below: Renal function Dosage schedule Mild impairment 500 mg every 18 hours Moderate impairment 500 mg every 24 hours Severe impairment 250 mg every 24 hours.
Pregnancy, perforated ear drum, myasthenia gravis, hypersensitivity.
Drug Precautions ::
Renal impairment; vertigo, tinnitus. Discontinue if signs of ototoxicity, neurotoxicity or hypersensitivity occurs; lactation. Safety has not been established for treatment period >14 days. Monitor renal function before and during treatment.
Drug Side Effects ::
Tinnitus, vertigo; ataxia and overt deafness. Potentially Fatal: Ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neuromuscular blockade.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Amikacin binds to 30S ribosomal subunits of susceptible bacteria, thus inhibiting its protein synthesis.
Drug Interactions ::
Amphotericin B may lead to increased nephrotoxicity and reduced clearance of amikacin when used together. Potentially Fatal: Increased ototoxic or nephrotoxic effects with other nephrotoxic or ototoxic drugs. Enhanced neuromuscular blockade with neuromuscular blocking drugs. Increased risk of ototoxicity with potent diuretics.