Measles Mumps Causative Virus Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms With Treatment

Measles, Mumps Causative agents Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms With Treatment

 

MEASLES oi
Measles  Causative Virus Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms


MEASLES Caused by

  • myxoviruses – rubeola. Rubeola means red spots Characterized by :
  • · Fever
  • · URTI – coryza, cough
  • · Typical rash
  • Measles can cause high morbidity and mortality.
MEASLES ijk
Measles  Causative Virus ,with Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms
  • MEASLES Causative agent:
    • RNA paramyxovirus.
  • MEASLES Source of infection
    • A case of measles – nose,
    • throat and
    • respiratory tract secretions.
  • MEASLES Infectivity
    • 4 days before and 4 days after appear­ance of rash.

One infection gives life long immunity. There is no second attack.

MEASLES Age

  • Occurs up to 5 years of age.

MEASLES Incubation period

  • 2 weeks before rash to appear­ance of rash.

 MEASLES Clinical features

  • · For 4 days there is fever, cold, sneezing, cough, red eyes with watering, vomiting, diarrhea.
  • · Koplik’s spots are rashes on buccal mucosa op­posite the molars seen 2 days before the rash. They are small bluish-white on red background and very tiny.
  • · There is maculopapular rash behind the ears, face, neck up to legs.
  • · Rashes may be separate or merged together.
  • · Rashes disappear in 4 days.
  • · There is weakness and loss of weight.
MEASLES Complications
  • · Diarrhea, Pneumonia, Otitis media.
  • · Neurological complications – febrile convulsions, encephalitis, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE).
  • SSPE is rare and occurs many years after measles.

MEASLES Vaccination

  • · Active immunization – single subcutaneous dose of live attenuated vaccine are safe and effec­tive.
  • · Given at 9 months age.
  • · There is fever for 5 days after vaccine.

MUMPS

 

MUMPS K
Mumps Causative Virus Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms


MUMPS Caused by

  • Myxovirus parotiditis – RNA myxovirus. Involves glandular and nervous tissue.
  • There is enlargement of parotid glands but no ab­scess.
MUMPS UI
Mumps Causative Virus ,with Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms


MUMPS Period of infectivity

    • is one week before and one week after symptoms.
  • MUMPS Age
    • 5 to 15 years.
    • One attack gives lifelong protection against mumps.
  • MUMPS Spread is by
    • droplet infection from case to case.
    • MUMPS  Incubation period
    • is 18 days.
  • MUMPS Clinical features

    • · There is pain and swelling of one or both parotid glands
    • · There is earache
    • · Pain and stiffness – on opening the mouth
    • · Fever
    • · Headache.
MUMPS Complications
  • · Orchitis
  • · Ovaritis
  • · Pancreatitis
  • · Meningo-encephalitis
  • · Myocarditis
  • · Nerve deafness.

MUMPS Vaccination

  • Live attenuated vaccine for one-year ­old children.
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