The Brand Name MISOLOG Has Generic Salt :: Misoprostol
MISOLOG Is From Company Intas Priced :: Rs. 40
MISOLOG have Misoprostol is comes under Sub class GERD, of Main Class Gastrointestinal System
Main Medicine Class:: Gastrointestinal System Sub Medicine Class :: GERD,
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Indications for Drugs ::
NSAID-induced ulcers, Termination of pregnancy, Benign gastric and duodenal ulcers
Drug Dose ::
Adult: Benign gastric and duodenal ulceration and NSAID associated ulceration: 800 mcg daily (in 2-4 divided doses) with breakfast or main meals and at bedtime; treatment should be continued for at least 4 weeks and may be continued for up to 8 weeks if required. Prophylaxis of NSAID induced gastric and duodenal ulcer: 200 mcg 2-4 times daily taken with NSAID. If this dose cannot be tolerated, a dose of 100 mcg can be used. Misoprostol should be taken for the duration of NSAID therapy as prescribed by the physician. Induction of labor: Place 25 mcg in the posterior fornix of the vagina. Repeat after every 6 hours if necessary until the maximum dosage of 200 mcg total misoprostol is reached. Fetal heart rate and uterus contractions should be monitored. Alternatively, 100 mcg taken orally. If cervical ripening or active labor does not occur, repeated dose of 100- 200 mcg of oral misoprostol is given every 4 hourly until labor is established (as evidenced by a Bishop score of 7 or more). Maximum number of dose is 6. Maternal vital signs, fetal heart rate and contractions should be monitored. Oxytocin can be started 4 hours after last dose of misoprostol. Physician should be notified for signs of fetal distress or tetanic uterine contractions. Oral misoprostol therapy should be monitored by Physician. Prevention of postpartum haemorrhage: 600 mcg orally immediately following delivery. Treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: 600 mcg orally or 1000 mcg per rectally. Termination of pregnancy (<49 days of duration) 400 mcg as a single dose 36-48 hr after mifepristone. Use in children: Safety and effectiveness of Misoprostol in children below the age of 18 years have not been established.
Misoprostol is contraindicated to anyone with a history of allergy to prostaglandins. Women of childbearing potential. Pregnancy and lactation.
Drug Precautions ::
In case of prevention and treatment of NSAID induced gastric and duodenal ulcer: Misoprostol is contraindicated in women who are pregnant, and should not be used in women of child bearing potential unless the patient requires NSAID therapy. Women of child bearing potential should be told that they must not be pregnant when Misoprostol therapy is initiated and they must use an effective contraception method while taking misoprostol. Conditions where hypotension might precipitate severe complications e.g. cerebrovascular or CV disease. Inflammatory bowel disease. Patients prone to dehydration. Elderly. Renal impairment.
Drug Side Effects ::
Diarrhoea, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, constipation, flatulence, nausea and vomiting; abnormal vaginal bleeding, cramps, increased uterine contractility, headache.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analogue, exerts its antisecretory activity by directly acting on specific prostaglandin receptors found on the surface of gastric parietal cells. It exerts its protective effects on the mucosa by replacing the prostaglandins consumed during prostaglandin-inhibiting therapies e.g. NSAIDs.
Drug Interactions ::