The Brand Name PSORID ORAL Has Generic Salt :: Cyclosporine
PSORID ORAL Is From Company BIOCON LTD. Priced :: Rs. 4950
PSORID ORAL have Cyclosporine is comes under Sub class Immunuosuppressants of Main Class Immunology , Allergy
Main Medicine Class:: Immunology , Allergy Sub Medicine Class :: Immunuosuppressants
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Indications for Drugs ::
Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Psoriasis, Missed abortion, Nephrotic syndrome ,Urticaria, Bone marrow transplantation, Organ transplantation, atopic dermatitis
Drug Dose ::
Oral Immunosuppression in organ transplantation Adult: Initially, 10-15 mg/kg/day, starting 4-12 hr before procedure and continued for 1-2 wk; usual maintenance: 2-6 mg/kg/day. Lower doses may be used when combined with other immunosuppressants. Severe atopic dermatitis Adult: Initially, 2.5 mg/kg/day, in 2 divided doses. Reduce to lowest effective dose once remission is achieved. Stop treatment if there is no sufficient improvement to max dose within 6 wk. Max: 5 mg/kg/day. Psoriasis Adult: Initially, 2.5 mg/kg/day, in 2 divided doses. Reduce to lowest effective dose once remission is achieved. Stop treatment if there is no sufficient improvement to max dose within 6 wk. Max: 5 mg/kg/day. Rheumatoid arthritis Adult: 2.5 mg/kg/day, in 2 divided doses. Treatment should continue for 6-8 wk. If response is insufficient, may increase dose gradually. Max: 4 mg/kg/day. Nephrotic syndrome Adult: 5 mg/kg daily, given in 2 divided doses. Child: 6 mg/kg daily, given in 2 divided doses. Intravenous Prophylaxis of graft rejection in bone marrow transplantation Adult: Intially, 3-5 mg/kg/day starting on the day before transplantation and continue for up to 2 wk or until oral therapy can be initiated at a maintenance of 12.5 mg/kg/day. Continue maintenance dose for at least 3-6 mth. Immunosuppression in organ transplantation Adult: Initially: 5-6 mg/kg/day as a single dose, infuse dose over 2-6 hr. Switch to an oral dosage form as soon as possible.
Hypersensitivity; malignant neoplasms; uncontrolled hypertension; psoriasis; lactation.
Drug Precautions ::
Cyclosporine increases the risk of developing lymphomas and other malignancies, particularly those of the skin. So patients should be warned to avoid excess ultraviolet light exposure. Cyclosporine may develop bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral infections. So therapeutic strategies should be employed for long-term immunosuppressive therapy. A reversible increase in serum creatinine and urea may occur during the first few weeks of Cyclosporine therapy and usually responding to dose reduction. In elderly patients, renal function should be monitored with particular care. Regular monitoring of blood pressure is required during Cyclosporine therapy; if hypertension develops, appropriate antihypertensive treatment must be instituted. Cyclosporine enhances the risk of hyperkalaemia, especially in patients with renal dysfunction. Caution is also required when Cyclosporine is co-administered with potassium sparing drugs. Cyclosporine enhances the clearance of magnesium. If considered necessary, magnesium supplementation should be given. Caution should be observed in treating patients with hyperuricaemia. During treatment with Cyclosporine, vaccination may be less effective; the use of live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided. Non-transplant patients with impaired renal function, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled infections, or any kind of malignancy should not receive Cyclosporine. Renal and hepatic impairment; hyperuricaemia; anaphylaxis; history of allergic reactions; pregnancy; monitor BP, serum electrolytes, renal and hepatic function.
Drug Side Effects ::
Hypertension; hepatoxicity; tremor; paraesthesia, hypertrichosis, facial oedema, acne; gingival hypertrophy; hyperkalaemia, fluid retention; increased susceptibility to infections; GI symptoms. Potentially Fatal: Nephrotoxicity; convulsions.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Ciclosporin is a strong immunosuppressant that acts mainly on the helper T-cells. It inhibits the activation of calcineurin and production of interleukin-2, thus reducing cell-mediated immune response.
Drug Interactions ::
Increased ciclosporin level by diltiazem, doxycycline, erythromycin, ketoconazole, methylprednisolone (high doses), nicardipine, verapamil, oral contraceptives. Drugs which reduce ciclosporin level are carbamazepine, isoniazid, phenobarbitone, phenytoin and rifampicin. Increased risk of convulsion when used concurrently with high-dose methylprednisolone. Potentially Fatal: Additive nephrotoxicity when used with aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, ciprofloxacin, colchicine, melphalan, co-trimoxazole and NSAIDs.