Post Contents List
Pulmonary Edema Causes Diagnosis with Treatment
Edema is defined as a palpable swelling produced by expansion of the interstitial fluid volume.
When the left ventricle is not able to eject all the blood effectively there is pulmonary congestion, systemic hypoperfusion, and exudation of fluid and blood elements into the alveoli; this is called Pulmonary edema.
- Fluid from the pulmonary vasculature leaks into the interstitium and alveoli of the lung.
- Fluid accumulation occurs when there is an imbalance of hydrostatic and oncotic pressures within the pulmonary capillaries and in the surrounding tissue.
- Commonest cause of pulmonary edema is left ventricular dysfunctionCOMPLICATIONS OF AMI AND TREATMENT -1. Read more ... ».
- Left ventricular dysfunction leads to decreased perfusion of the systemic circulation, so there is :
- Fall in cardiacCardiac Arrhythmias Definitions Mechanisms and Methods for Detecting Arrhythmias. Read more ... » output/cardiac index to less than 2,2 L/min/m2•
- Systolic blood pressureChronic Long-term Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus. Read more ... » <90 mmHg.
- Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure> 18 mmHg.
- All these features comprise cardiogenic shockShock Presentation Risk Factors Pathogenesis Management Treatment. Read more ... ».
- Cardiogenic shock is a fall in systemic perfusion pressure with circulatory failure, leading to shock.
- Myocardial infarction (MI)
- Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus Types,Causes,Symptoms and Diagnosis. Read more ... » (DM)
- Coronary heartCardiac Arrhythmias Definitions Mechanisms and Methods for Detecting Arrhythmias. Read more ... » diseaseGrowth and Development Disorders GHD Diagnosis Treatment. Read more ... »
- Valvular heart disease
- SepsisSepsis (Septic Shock) Definition Diagnosis and Pathophysiology. Read more ... »
- Reexpansion of lung after injury
- High altitude
- Neurologic diseases
Etiology of Cardiogenic shock and Pulmonary edema
- AcuteGrowth and Development Disorders GHD Diagnosis Treatment. Read more ... » myocardial infarction Ventricular septal rupture Papillary muscle rupture
- Rupture of Cordae tendinae Tachya rrhyth mias Bradyarrhyth m ias
- MyocarditisMYOCARDITIS Physical Examination Symptoms Clinical Manifestations Diagnosis. Read more ... »
- CardiomyopathyCardiomyopathy Clinical features Etiology Diagnosis Dilated Hypertrophic Restrictive cardiomyopathy with Treatment. Read more ... » Aortic dissectionAORTIC DISSECTION Etiology and Clinical manifestations with Treatment. Read more ... »
- Pulmonary embolization Severe MS
- Severe AS
- Severe AR
- Severe MR
- Beta blocker overdose
- Cardiac tamponadeCARDIAC TAMPONADE Causes with Physical findings and Treatment. Read more ... ».
Investigations for Pulmonary Edema
- Blood tests
- ECGCardiac Arrhythmias Definitions Mechanisms and Methods for Detecting Arrhythmias. Read more ... »
- Chest X-ray
- 2D echoCARDIAC IMAGING echocardiography 2D Echo. Read more ... »
- Doppler studies
- Pulmonary artery catheterization
- Left heart catheterization
- Coronary angiographyCoronary Angiography -Indications of Coronary Arteriography (Angiography). Read more ... ».
Treatment of Pulmonary Edema
- Propped up position
- Treatment of hypoxaemia, acidosis
- Treatment of MI
- Endotracheal intubation
- Treat hyperglycemiaDiabetes mellitus Types,Causes,Symptoms and Diagnosis. Read more ... »
- Treat arrhythmiasSupraventricular tachycardia and Ventricular fibrillation Causes Diagnosis with Treatment. Read more ... »
- Nitroglycerine, Isosorbide dinitrate
- Norepine hrine
- 2 to 4 to 15 g/min.
- 2 to 10 IJg/kg/min
- Maximum 50 lJg/kgjmin
- - 2.5 to 10 IJg/kg/min
- Xanthines-aminophylli ne Aortic counterpulsation Ventricular assist devices Cardiac transplantation Reperfusion therapy.