Sneha Kalpana (Sneha :Fat/ Kalpana : Pharma. Process)

Sneha Kalpana (Sneha : Fat/ Kalpana : Pharma. Process)

  • Review of Sneha Kalpana
  • Nomenclature
  • Sneha : Fat / Fatty Material }
  • Kalpana : Pharma. Process }Sneha
  • Kal.
  • “Defined as a process, where various things like-Sneha, Kalka, Kwatha Ksheera and Gandha dravyas are employed for the preparation of Oleagenous medicaments (oil/Ghee)”

Sneha Kalpana1

Introduction

  • Ayurveda
  • Oldest medical system of the world
  •  serving
  • Sufferings & miseries of mankind Prolongs life span
  •  maintains
  • +Health & Cure diseases

Ayurvedic Medicaments

______________________________________________________ Sl.no. Dosage Name of Kalpana _________________________________________________________

  • Pill Vati kalpana
  • Semi solid Avaleha Kalpana
  • Fermentation Asava-Arista
  • Paste Kalka
  • Exp. Juice Swaras kalpana
  • Cold infusion Hima
  • Decoction/Boiling Kwath
  •  Oil Taila kalpana
  •  Ghrita Ghrita kalpana
  • Ayurveda
  • Taila Kalpana Ghrita Kalpana
  • Sneha Kalpana

Aim of Sneha Kalpana

  • * The rationality behind taking an Oil/Ghrita as a base is presumably –
  • To Extract or hold lipid soluble active fractions from the ingredients used.
  • Need of Review
  • Ayurvedic Physicians
  • Dispense medicines by their own hands *Rapid growth civil.
  • * Genuine medicines *De forestation
  • *Massive growth of population
  • Demand N.P & H.M  *Depend on industries
  • OTC 
  • Essential oils *Un ethical products
  • Phyto Pharmaceuticals of plants used  embarrassing
  • Modern medicine Physicians & Patients
  • To over come this enigma – Need to know Sneha kalpana

Nomenclature

  • Sneha : Fat / Fatty Material }
  • Kalpana : Pharma. Process }Sneha Kalpna.
  • “Defined as a process, where various things like-Sneha, Kalka, Kwatha Ksheera and Gandha dravyas are employed for the preparation of Oleagenous medicaments (oil/Ghee)”.

Requirements

  • ______________________________________________
  • Sl.no. Constituents Quantity
  • ______________________________________________
  • • Sneha dravya (Oil/Grhita) 1 part
  • • Kalka Dravya (Drugs of Paste) ¼ part
  • • Dravadravya (Decoc/Juice/Milk etc 4 part
  • with sneha
  • 4. Gandha Dravya (Drugs of perfumers)1/8 or
  • 1/16 with sneha.

Sneha Dravya

___________________________________________________ Sl.no. Parameters Oil Ghrita ______________________________________________________

  • • Pure + +
  • • Rancidity _ _
  • • Period Fresh Old
  • • Quantity with 4 times 4times-to kalka

Why Tila Taila is Best

  • – Lignanas – acts as anti cholesterol agents.
  • – Vit. E supplies to the animals.
  • – Sesamin : protects Liver from the oxidative damage.
  • Kalka
  • Pounding drug (s)
  • ¯ with(out) Juice/Liquid
  •  into
  • Soft bolus/ round lump Kalka
  • Fresh Herbs  Grind     } Kalka
  • Dry Drugs  add water/any liquid Grind 
  • Machinaries
  • 1. Kharal 2. Stone Mortar
  • 3. Mixer 4. Grinder
  • Ratio of Kalka

___________________________________________

Sl.no. liquids Ratio of Kalka with sneha

————————————————————

  • General/ water ¼
  • • Kwatha 1/6
  • • Swarasa 1/8
  • • Ksheer 1/8
  • • Dadhi 1/8
  • • Mamsa rasa & Takra 1/8
  • • Pushpa kalka 1/8
  • • No information ¼ (Kwathdrugs)

SNEHA KASHAYA

—————————————————————————- S.No. % of drug % water Reduction Kashaya name —————————————————————————-

  • 1. 1 Pala 24 Part 1/8 Pana Kashaya
  • 2. 1 part 04 Parts 1/5 Gandoosha
  • 3. 1 Karsha 1/2 Parts ¼ Paneeya
  • 4. 1 Part 04 Parts 1/8 Seka
  • • 1 Part 03 Parts 1/12 Vrana-Prakshalana
  • 6. 1 Part 06 Parts 1/6 Aschyotana
  • 7.      1 Part 08 Parts 1/9 Muka-Prakshalana
  • 8.      1 Part 08 Parts 1/3 Shodhana
  • 9.      1 Part 06 Parts 1/7 Asthapana
  • 10     1 Part 03 Parts ½ Vamana
  • 11 1 Part 06 Parts 1/8 Virechana
  • 12     1 Part 60 Parts ½ Snana
  • 13      1 Part 64 Parts 1/8 Yavagu
  • 14     1 Part 04 Parts ¼ Sneha Kshaya

Ratio of Aqueous Media

______________________________________________ Sl.no. Media quantity with sneha _______________________________________________

  • General 4 times
  • 5 or ­ 5 equal
  • 5 or 1-4 4 times
  • Milk (only) 4 times (water for
  • samyak paka)
  • 5. Milk (1)+ Liquids (3) 4 times
  • Dadhi Apply rule of milk
  • No specific liquid water

Pharma. Technology Involved

____________________________________________________ Sl.no. Parameters Remarks ______________________________________________

  • • Drug Coarse
  • • Vessels Non reactive
  • • Lid Should not applied
  • • Temp. Mriduagni
  • • Fire wood Specific

Gandha Dravya

  • * For perfuming : Karpoora, Chandana,Kesara
  • Dalchini etc.. Drugs used.
  • 1/6 or 1/8 part of oil
  •  made into fine powder
  •  mixed with oil
  • When oil is leuke warm

Need of Standardization

  • * Since the Oil /Ghrita is heated with many drugs during the process of preparation in the Snehakalpana, the analytical values of raw Oil/Ghrita are expected to undergo alterations due to one or more of the following reasons :
  • * * Heat induced changes due to protracted boiling.
  • * * Oxidation changes due to open heating or due to presence
  • * of drugs during heating for a long time.
  • * * Changes brought about by the incorporation of fat soluble
  • * fractions from the drugs.
  • * * Changes brought about by the mixing in of fats or oils
  • other than ghee.
  • * These changes are expected to be reflected as alterations
  • in Physico-Chemical constants obtained for Oil/Ghee.
  • Why foam disappears
  • Ghrita
  • Saturated acids
  •  water +heat ®break down into
  • Saturated acids + Glycerols (on Hydrolysis)
  •  evaporation of water
  • Foam does not appear
  • Why foam appears
  • Oil
  • unsaturated fatty acids
  •  heat with water (oxidation)
  • formation of oxides
  •  releases
  • foam
  •  on vapour analysis
  • Vapour,Co2, O2 + Acids