Amenorrhea

General Sign and Symptoms Amenorrhea The absence of menstrual flow, amenorrhea can be classified as primary or secondary. With primary amenorrhea, menstruation fails to begin before age 16. With secondary amenorrhea, it begins at an appropriate age, but later ceases...

Agitation

Agitation  General View Agitation refers to a state of hyperarousal, increased tension, and irritability that can lead to confusion, hyperactivity, and overt hostility. It can arise gradually or suddenly and last for minutes or months Agitation alone merely signals a...

Abdominal Rigidity

Abdominal Rigidity General Signs and Symptoms Abdominal Rigidity [Abdominal Muscle Spasm, Involuntary Guarding] Distinguishing voluntary from involuntary abdominal rigidity is a must for accurate assessment. Review this comparison so that you can quickly tell the two...

Abdominal pain

General Abdominal pain Abdominal pain arises from the abdominopelvic viscera; the parietal peritoneum; or the capsules of the liver, kidney, or spleen Pain may also be referred to the abdomen, sharp, well-localized, referred pain is felt in skin or deeper tissues and...

Abdominal Mass

Abdominal Mass Signs and Symptoms Typically, this sign develops insidiously and may represent an enlarged organ, a neoplasm, an abscess, a vascular defect, or a fecal mass. Commonly detected on routine physical examination, an abdominal mass is a localized swelling in...

Abdominal Distention

Abdominal Distention Distention may be mild or severe, depending on the amount of pressure. Abdominal distention refers to increased abdominal girth—the result of increased intra-abdominal pressure forcing the abdominal wall outward. It may be localized or diffuse and...

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