Disease | MedicScientist :: Total Health Portal

Disease of soft tissues :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of disease of soft tissues

Details Descriptions About :: disease of soft tissues Disease of soft tissues causes symptoms treatment  Description of Disease of soft tissues Soft tissue disease is the disorder of the tissues that connect or support other structures of our body. It involves skin, muscle, fibrous tissue, fascia, tendons, ligaments, synovial membranes, blood vessels, nerves, etc. Some of the diseases of soft […]

Dry skin :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of dry skin

Details Descriptions About :: dry skin Dry skin causes symptoms treatment  Description of Dry Skin Dry skin occurs due to lack of moisture in the skin. It can affect any part of your body and can occur for various reasons. Dry skin is characterized by scaling, cracking, dry patches and itching. It is a common aspect of ageing, and is […]

Anal fissure :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of anal fissure

Details Descriptions About :: anal fissure Anal fissure causes symptoms treatment  Description of Anal fissure Anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus. The tear in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after the bowel movements. It usually occurs due to chronic constipation and can affect all ages. The primary objective […]

Urinary tract infections (utis) :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of urinary tract infections (utis)

Details Descriptions About :: urinary tract infections utis Urinary tract infections (utis) causes symptoms treatment  Description of Urinary tract infections (UTIs) According to dictionary definition  Description of Urinary tract infections (UTIs)According to dictionary definition  Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in the part of urinary system which may include kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Commonly, UTI occurs in the […]

Control of increased sexual desire in men :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of control of increased sexual desire in men

Details Descriptions About :: control of increased sexual desire in men Control of increased sexual desire in men causes symptoms treatment  Description of Control of increased sexual desire in men An increased sexual desire refers to  frequent intense urge  to indulge in sexual activities. At times, the sexual urges can go beyond control and refrain you from performing normal daily […]

Male infertility :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of male infertility

Details Descriptions About :: male infertility Male infertility causes symptoms treatment  Description of Male infertility DefinitionMale infertility is an inability of the male to cause pregnancy in a fertile female even after unprotected intercourse. It usually occurs because of sperm that are abnormal, or inadequate in number, or problems with ejaculation. Causes and Risk factorA) Genetic causes of male infertility […]

Morning sickness :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of morning sickness

Details Descriptions About :: morning sickness Morning sickness causes symptoms treatment  Description of Morning sickness DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Morning sickness is seen in pregnant women, usually starts before the end of the 22nd week of gestation. It is commonly known as pregnancy sickness also.  Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to dictionary definition  The cause of morning sickness is not known. […]

Brain tumor :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of brain tumor

Details Descriptions About :: brain tumor Brain tumor causes symptoms treatment  Description of Brain tumor DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly.Some are primary brain tumors, which start in the brain. […]

Cough with mucus :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of cough with mucus

Details Descriptions About :: cough with mucus Cough with mucus causes symptoms treatment  Description of Cough with mucus Cough with mucus refers to a cough that is productive. It is also called as wet cough. Mucus is produced by the mucus membranes which line your mouth, nose, throat, sinuses, and lungs, and it works with the tiny hairs which are […]

Irritable bowel syndrome :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of irritable bowel syndrome

Details Descriptions About :: irritable bowel syndrome Irritable bowel syndrome causes symptoms treatment  Description of Irritable bowel syndrome DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Irritable bowel syndrome is a common ailment that affects the large intestine that leads to abdominal pain, cramps, and other symptoms. It is well known as, spastic colon, spastic colitis, and mucous colitis.  Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to […]

Scabies :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of scabies

Details Descriptions About :: scabies Scabies causes symptoms treatment  Description of Scabies DefinitionAccording to dictionary definition  Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabiei. It is common all over the world and can affect anyone. Scabies spreads faster in crowded conditions where there is frequent skin-to-skin contact between people.    Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to […]

Arthralgia (joint pain) :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of arthralgia (joint pain)

Details Descriptions About :: arthralgia joint pain Arthralgia (joint pain) causes symptoms treatment  Description of Arthralgia (joint pain) Arthralgia means pain in the joint. It may affect one or more joints. If the pain is experienced in two or more than  two joints, it is termed as polyarthralgia. Many times, arthralgia  is confused with arthritis.  However, the  two are different […]

Nutritional deficiencies :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of nutritional deficiencies

Details Descriptions About :: nutritional deficiencies Nutritional deficiencies causes symptoms treatment  Description of Nutritional deficiencies According to dictionary definition  IntroductionAccording to dictionary definition  Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. If you do not get enough nutrients — including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals — you may suffer from malnutrition.  CausesAccording to dictionary definition  Causes […]

Fungal skin infections :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of fungal skin infections

Details Descriptions About :: fungal skin infections Fungal skin infections causes symptoms treatment  Description of Fungal skin infections Fungal skin infections are commonly caused by yeasts dermatophytes. Some examples of skin infections caused by fungus are candida, ringworm, jock itch, etc. Having a weak immune system, taking antibiotics, diabetes, cancer treatment, etc. increases the risk of contracting a fungal skin […]

Rheumatoid arthritis :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of rheumatoid arthritis

Details Descriptions About :: rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis causes symptoms treatment  Description of Rheumatoid arthritis According to dictionary definition  DefinitionAccording to dictionary definition  Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the joints. It is a chronic disease that gradually worsens with time, causing inflammation in the joints and resulting in painful deformity and immobility. It especially […]

Prevention of rubella :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of prevention of rubella

Details Descriptions About :: prevention of rubella Prevention of rubella causes symptoms treatment  Description of Prevention of Rubella DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  It is an acute condition caused by rubella virus. Rubella virus is a pleomorphic RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus. The infection causes mild viral fever and may get fatal if not treated well. Rubella fever is broadly of two […]

Sciatica :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of sciatica

Details Descriptions About :: sciatica Sciatica causes symptoms treatment  Description of Sciatica Description of SciaticaAccording to dictionary definition  Sciatica is a condition where there is a lower back pain which is accompanied with pain in the buttock and one leg. The pain in the leg goes past the knees and further down to the foot. This pain can also cause […]

Diabetic ulcers :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of diabetic ulcers

Details Descriptions About :: diabetic ulcers Diabetic ulcers causes symptoms treatment  Description of Diabetic ulcers Ulceration is an extremely common complication in patients with poorly controlled diabetes. It occurs due to the damage that diabetes causes to your nerves. The most common site is under your big toes and the balls of your feet. Left untreated, it can get infected […]

Diabetic foot ulcers :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of diabetic foot ulcers

Details Descriptions About :: diabetic foot ulcers Diabetic foot ulcers causes symptoms treatment  Description of Diabetic foot ulcers Diabetic foot ulcer is a common complication of uncontrolled diabetes. Long-standing diabetes can damage your nerves and blood vessels. Nerve damage reduces your sensitivity to pain. Cuts or bruises to the foot may go unnoticed and put you at a risk of […]

Dry eyes :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of dry eyes

Details Descriptions About :: dry eyes Dry eyes causes symptoms treatment  Description of Dry eyes Definition of Dry eyeAccording to dictionary definition  Dry eye (Xeropthalmia) is a condition in which the eye fails to make enough tears to coat it, which exposes the cornea and conjunctiva (outer coverings of the eye) to evaporation and subsequent damage.Also known by names such […]

Wet age-related macular degeneration :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of wet age-related macular degeneration

Details Descriptions About :: wet age related macular degeneration Wet age-related macular degeneration causes symptoms treatment  Description of Wet age-related macular degeneration Introduction Macular degeneration, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans aged 60 and older. It is a disease that destroys your sharp, central vision. You need central vision to see objects […]

Small cell lung cancer :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of small cell lung cancer

Details Descriptions About :: small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer causes symptoms treatment  Description of Small cell lung cancer DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. It is a leading cause of cancer death in men and women in India. Cigarette smoking causes most lung cancers. The more cigarettes […]

Decreased blood pressure :: causes, symptoms, complications, treatment & medicines of decreased blood pressure

Details Descriptions About :: decreased blood pressure Decreased blood pressure causes symptoms treatment  Description of Decreased blood pressure Definition of Decreased blood pressureAccording to dictionary definition  Low blood pressure is a condition when the blood pressure is lower than the normal value and is associated with other symptoms. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. […]

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea is a subjective symptom  disorders that also cause vomiting. Vomiting can result from the stimulation of  four neurologic processes of Nausea and Vomiting — vagal and splanchnic fibers in the viscera, stimulated by distention,infection,or  inflammatory irritation,   vestibular system fibers mediated through muscarinic cholinergic and histamine H1 receptors, sounds, or emotions ,higher central nervous system (CNS) centers where […]


Headaches I. Background of Headaches — Headache is one of the 20 most frequent reasons that cause patients to visit primary care providers in the United States. In a study of 20,468 patients, migraine headache, one of the common causes of recurrent headache, occurred one or more times yearly in 17.6% of women and in 5.7% […]

Insomnia sleep disorders Insomnia causes symptoms diagnosis with Insomnia treatment

Insomnia sleep disorders Insomnia causes symptoms diagnosis with Insomnia treatment The subjective experience of insufficient sleep or of sleep that is not refreshing Insomnia is defined as a persistent AND difficulty initiating  to maintaining sleep. Insomnia Insomnia   Insomnia can be a primary ;, however  insomnia is more commonly a secondary symptom to underlying the environmental, medical, some […]

Sleep Disorders Types Diagnose Of Sleep Disorders

How to Diagnose Different Types of Sleep Disorders sleep disorder: Any condition that interferes with sleep, excluding environmental factors such as noise, excess heat or cold, movement (as on a train, bus, or ship), travel through time zones, or change in altitude. Classifies sleep disorders into eight major categories: Insomnia Sleep related breathing disorders Hypersomnias […]

How to Manage Hay Fever at Home

Tips and Tricks for How to manage Hay Fever Common Symptoms of Hay Fever — Sneezing attacks, a streaming nose and itchy eyes are all symptoms of hay fever, which can plague thousands of people. If left untreated, hay fever can make the sufferer feel lousy.  sleep disorders due to difficulty in breathing. There is […]

Thyroid Disorders Examination and Laboratory tests

Thyroid Disorders Thyroid gland produces 2 hormones – Thyroxine or T4 and Triiodothyronine or T3. Functions of the thyroid hormones are: · They help in cell differentiation · Maintain temperature and metabolism. Disorders of Thyroid are due to 1. Overproduction ofthyroid hormone – Thyrotoxi­cosis 2. Decreased production of thyroid hormone – Hy­pothyroidism 3. Thyroid -nodules […]

Porphyrias Inherited disorders Causes Classifications Diagnosis and Treatment

Porphyrias The porphyrias are inherited disorders. porphyrias are metabolic disorders caused by altered activities of enzymes within the heme biosynthetic pathway Acute intermittent porphyria: Pyrroloporphyria; neuropsychiatric–abdominal -Aminolevulinic aciduria; neuropsychiatric–abdominal Congenital erythropoietic porphyria: Günther disease; severe dermatologic Hereditary coproporphyria: Neuropsychiatric, occasionally dermatologic Other rare genetic variants reported Porphobilinogen synthetase deficiency: Porphyria cutanea tarda: Dermatologic Protoporphyria: Erythropoietic […]

Hypothalamic, Pituitary And Other Sellar Masses

HYPOTHALAMIC, PITUITARY AND OTHER SELLAR MASSES Pituitary tumors , Pituitary adenomas   : Commonest tumors are pitu­itary adenomas. These are benign and their features depend on the cell type from which they occur. They may arise from PRL, GH, ACTH, TSH, LH and FSH producing cells r;esulting in features of hyperse­cretion of the hormones. There is autonomous […]

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Diagnosis Symptoms and Treatment

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Diagnosis Symptoms and Treatment Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an au­toimmune disease of unknown etiology in which there is tissue damage by pathogenic antibod­ies. Multisystem autoimmune inflammatory disease characterized by fluctuating, chronic course; varies from mild to severe and may be life-threatening (CNS and renal forms) chronic […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic multisystem disease. There are systemic manifestations. There is persistent inflammatory synovitis. chronic systemic disease marked by inflammation of multiple synovial joints,Involves peripheral joints symmetrically. There is damage of cartilage and bone. Patients typically complain of joint stiffness in the morning rather […]

Sleep Disorders Polysomnography Causes Diagnosis and Treatment

Sleep Disorders Disturbed sleep is one of the most common health problems. Average requirement of sleep is 7-8 hours per night.   States and stages of sleep are defined by character­istic patterns in EEG (electro-encephalogram), EOG (Electrooculogram), EMG (Electromyogram) measured on the chin and neck. Polysomnography The continuous recording of electrophysiologic param­eters of sleep and […]

Viral Diseases

Viral Diseases: Introduction This section discusses viral diseases caused by many type of viruses, those preventable by vaccines, and others causing distinct type of syndromes. Rickettsial illnesses and Kawasaki disease are also included. Disorders caused by hepatotropic viruses , €€papillomaviruses , and HIV (see Gynecology and Infectious Diseases: HIV , mumps  are dealt with elsewhere. […]

Infective Endocarditis Causes of Infective Endocarditis TREATMENT of Infective Endocarditis

  Infective Endocarditis  CLINICAL FEATURES of infective Endocarditis (IE) causes the Infective Endocarditis With TREATMENT  of infective Endocarditis (IE) Proliferation of microorganisms on the endot­helium of heart results in infective endocardi­tis. The typical feature–of the· disease is vegetation. Endocarditis may be caused by any microorganism;  of streptococci or staphylococci; Haemophilus spp. or other HACEK bacteria […]

ARKA Calotropis procera Ayurvedic Medicine for piles and Anal Fistula

ARKA Calotropis procera Arka consists of dried leaves of Calotropis procera ,(Fam. Asclepiadaceae), Ayurvedic Medicine for piles and Anal Fistula ,found wild more or less throughout India.     Scientific classification Kingdom:    Plantae (unranked):    Angiosperms (unranked):    Eudicots (unranked):    Asterids Order:    Gentianales Family:    Asclepiadaceae Genus:    Calotropis Species:    C. procera Binomial name — Calotropis procera   SYNONYMS […]

Pterocarpus marsupium Indian Kino Bijaka ASANA (Heart wood) Ayurvedic Medicine OF inflammation diabetes

  Bijaka ASANA (Heart wood) Asana consists of heart-wood of Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. (Fam. Leguminosae); a moderate to large sized, deciduous tree, upto 30 m high and 2.5 m in girth, with straight clear bole, Brown to chocolate colour, under microscope shows vessels with bordered pits, fibre tracheids, tracheids, fragments of xylem rays and few […]





Toxoplasma Infection Transmission Clinical Manifestations Diagnosis Treatment

Definition of  Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma Infection)- Toxoplasmosis is  caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. Description of Toxoplasmosis. The parasite Toxoplasma gondii multiplies in the intestine of the cat and is shed in cat feces, mainly into litter boxes and garden soil. Infection with the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. Approx. 25% of women who become infected for […]

Schistosomiasis Flat Worms Signs and Symptoms with Diagnosis Treatment

Schistosomiasis  Flat Worms Signs and Symptoms  Clinical features with Diagnosis Treatment These are flat worms which can cause morbidity and mortality. They are also called adult flukes and in­vade blood, intestine, lungs and biliary tree.   Schistosomiasis  Flat Worms Man is the definitive host and snails are intermediate hosts. One of several parasitic diseases due […]

Ayurveda Drugs USTUKHUDUS LAVANDULA STOECHAS Specifically work on the CNS and GIT Disorders

  Ayurveda Drugs USTUKHUDUS LAVANDULA STOECHAS Specifically work on the CNS and GIT Disorders EPILESY,PARALYTIC CONDITIONS, NEURALGIA, CONSTIPATION, INDIGESTION, FLATULENCE,STOMACHACHE   USTUKHUDUS   Its paste can be applied in case of OEDEMA. It has an ANTICONVULSIVE action and can also be given in paralytic conditions. Stimulates heart and blood circulation HELPFUL IN MENTAL DEBILITY, PSYCHOSIS, […]

FILARIASIS Lymphatic Systems Disease Causes Diagnosis Signs and Symptoms with Treatment

  Filaria Nematode worm Disease of Lymphatic Systems Transmitted by Mosquitoes   Filariasis   Massive swelling, esp. of the genitalia and lower extremities, resulting from obstruction of lymphatic vessels, for example by filarial parasites, malignancies, neurofibromatosis, or a familial congenital disease (Milroy’s disease). Prolonged swelling can cause an increase in interstitial fibrous tissue and skin […]

Chikungunya Virus Infection Diagnosis Clinical Signs and Symptoms withTreatment

Chikungunya Virus Infection An alphavirus, typically found inSoutheast Asia, or Africa  that can be transmitted to humans by the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. After an incubation period of about a week, headache, nausea, vomiting, the virus produces high fevers, and severe joint pain, usually in the wrists or ankles. Chikungunya Virus Infection   Chikungunya Virus   pathogenesis of Chikungunya — […]

Fungal Infections Information Diagnosis Signs and Symptoms with Treatment

Fungal Infections Superficial fungal infections and Systemic fungal infections   Superficial fungal infections are caused by numerousfungi that are capable of superficially invadingthe following: ▪ Skin , Nail apparatus▪ ,Mucosal sites, Oropharynx• Hair/hair follicles, Anogenitalia, Epidermis, These fungi are commensural organisms thatfrequently colonize normal epithelium. • Dermatophytes, Candida species, Malassezia species, Infections can extend more deeply in […]

Trichuris Trichura Whip Worm and Enterobius Vermicularis Pin Worm Diagnosis Treatment

TRICHURIS TRICHURA (WHIP WORM) ,ENTEROBIUS VERMICULARIS (PIN WORM OR THREAD WORM) Diagnosis and Treatment TRICHURIS TRICHURA (WHIP WORM) It is found worldwide. Two of the most common nematode infections worldwide are pinworm, which is caused by Enterobius vermicularis, and whipworm, which is caused by Trichuris trichiura Trichuris Trichura Whip Worm   Infective stage Trichuris Trichura […]

Cestodes Tape Worms Taenia Saginata & Solium cysticercii neurocysticercosis Diagnosis Treatment

  CESTODES (Tape Worms) TAENIA SAGINATA ,TAENIA SOLIUM ,Neurologic manifestations of cysticercii (neurocysticercosis) Tapeworms, or cestodes, are hermaphroditic flatworm parasites, which can live as parasitic adults in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Cysticercosis is caused by the larval stage (metacestode) of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. A genus of tapeworms, parasitic flatworms belonging to the […]