Details About Generic Salt ::  Adenosin

Main Medicine Class:: Antiarrhythmic   

(ah-DEN-oh-seen)
Adenocard, Adenoscan
Class: Antiarrhythmic

 

Drugs Class ::

 Action Slows conduction through atrioventricular (AV) node; can interrupt reentry pathways through AV node and restore normal sinus rhythm.

Indications for Drugs ::

 Indications Conversion to sinus rhythm of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), including that associated with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Unlabeled use (s): Noninvasive assessment of patients with suspected coronary artery disease in conjunction with thallium tomography. Used with BCNU for treatment of brain tumors.

Drug Dose ::

 Route/Dosage

ADULTS: Initial dose: IV 6 mg as rapid IV bolus (over 1 to 2 sec). REPEAT ADMINISTRATION: If first dose does not eliminate PSVT within 1 to 2 min, give 12 mg as rapid IV bolus; 12 mg dose may be repeated a second time if necessary. Doses > 12 mg are not recommended.

Contraindication ::

 Contraindications Second- or third-degree AV block or sick sinus syndrome (except in patients with functioning artificial pacemaker); atrial flutter; atrial fibrillation; ventricular tachycardia.

Drug Precautions ::

 Precautions

Pregnancy: Category C. Lactation: Undetermined. Arrhythmias: At time of conversion to normal sinus rhythm, new arrhythmias may appear on ECG; these are usually self-limiting. Asthma: Adenosine may cause bronchoconstriction. Heart block: Drug may produce short-lasting heart block. Patients in whom high-level heart block (eg, third-degree) develops after one dose should not receive repeat doses.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


Drug Side Effects ::

 Adverse Reactions

CV: Facial flushing; headache; chest pain; hypotension. CNS: Lightheadedness, dizziness, tingling in arms; numbness. GI: Nausea. RESP: Dyspnea; shortness of breath; chest pressure.

Drug Mode of Action ::  

 Action Slows conduction through atrioventricular (AV) node; can interrupt reentry pathways through AV node and restore normal sinus rhythm.

Drug Interactions ::

 Interactions

Caffeine, theophylline: Antagonize effects of adenosine; larger doses of adenosine may be needed. Carbamazepine: May produce higher degrees of heart block. Dipyridamole: Potentiates effects of adenosine; smaller doses may be adequate.

Drug Assesment ::

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies or asthma.
  • Monitor BP and cardiac rhythm during and after administration.
  • Monitor for transient asystole, which may develop during administration.

Drug Storage/Management ::

 Administration/Storage

  • Administer by rapid IV bolus only.
  • Administer either directly into vein or, if given into IV line, in most proximal IV line and follow with rapid saline solution flush.
  • Do not administer if solution is cloudy or if sediment is present.
  • Discard unused portion.
  • Store at room temperature.
  • Do not refrigerate because crystallization may occur. If crystallization has occurred, dissolve crystals by warming to room temperature.

Drug Notes ::

 Patient/Family Education

  • Inform patient to report the following symptoms to physician: Facial flushing, headache, shortness of breath, chest pressure, lightheadedness, dizziness, tingling in arms, numbness or nausea.

Disclaimer ::

The Information available on this site is for only Informational Purpose , before any use of this information please consult your Doctor .Price of the drugs indicated above may not match to real price due to many possible reasons may , including local taxes etc.. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.

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