Details About Generic Salt ::  Eplereno

Main Medicine Class::    

eh-PLER-en-ohn
Inspra
Tablets
25 mg
Tablets
50 mg
Tablets
100 mg
Class: Antihypertensive, Selective aldosterone receptor antagonists

 

Drugs Class ::

 Action Binds to mineralocorticoid receptor, blocking the binding of aldosterone.

Indications for Drugs ::

 Indications Treatment of hypertension.

Drug Dose ::

 Route/Dosage

Adults: PO Initial dose 50 mg once daily. The full therapeutic effect is seen within 4 wk. Patients with an inadequate BP response to 50 mg once daily may be increased to 50 mg bid (max, 100 mg/day). Patients receiving weak CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, saquinavir) start with 25 mg once daily.

Contraindication ::

 Contraindications Patients with serum potassium greater than 5.5 mEq/L, type 2 diabetes with microalbuminuria, serum creatinine greater than 2 mg/dL in men or greater than 1.8 mg/dL in women, Ccr less than 50 mL/min; patients treated concurrently with potassium supplements, potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, spironolactone), or strong inhibitors of CYP 3A4 (eg, ketoconazole).

Drug Precautions ::

 Precautions

Pregnancy Category B. Lactation Undetermined. Children Safety and efficacy not established. Hyperkalemia Hyperkalemia may occur.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


Drug Side Effects ::

 Adverse Reactions

CARDIOVASCULAR: Angina pectoris; MI. CNS: Headache; dizziness; fatigue. GI: Diarrhea; abdominal pain. GU: Albuminuria; mastodynia (males); abnormal vaginal bleeding; gynecomastia (males). METABOLIC: Hyponatremia; hypercholesterolemia; hypertriglyceridemia; increased BUN; increased uric acid; increase serum creatinine; increased ALT; hyperkalemia. RESPIRATORY: Coughing. OTHER: Flu-like symptoms.

Drug Mode of Action ::  

 Action Binds to mineralocorticoid receptor, blocking the binding of aldosterone.

Drug Interactions ::

 Interactions

ACE Inhibitors May increase the risk of hyperkalemia.

CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, erythromycin, saquinavir, verapamil) Elevated plasma levels of eplerenone, increasing the risk of side effects.

St. John’s wort Reduced plasma levels of eplerenone, decreasing the therapeutic effect.

 Adverse Reactions

CARDIOVASCULAR: Angina pectoris; MI. CNS: Headache; dizziness; fatigue. GI: Diarrhea; abdominal pain. GU: Albuminuria; mastodynia (males); abnormal vaginal bleeding; gynecomastia (males). METABOLIC: Hyponatremia; hypercholesterolemia; hypertriglyceridemia; increased BUN; increased uric acid; increase serum creatinine; increased ALT; hyperkalemia. RESPIRATORY: Coughing. OTHER: Flu-like symptoms.

 Precautions

Pregnancy Category B. Lactation Undetermined. Children Safety and efficacy not established. Hyperkalemia Hyperkalemia may occur.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


 Administration/Storage

  • Administer with or without food. Administer with food if GI upset occurs.
  • Give 50 mg dose once daily. Give a 100 mg dose as 50 mg bid.
  • Administer alone or in combination with other antihypertensives.
  • Store tablets at controlled room temperature (59° to 86°F).

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies. Note concurrent use of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists, or weak CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, fluconazole).
  • Review patient’s health history for any condition that could contraindicate eplerenone therapy: serum potassium greater than 5.5 mEq/L; type 2 diabetes with microalbuminuria; serum creatinine greater than 1.8 mg/dL in women or 2 mg/dL in men; Ccr less than 50 mL/min; concurrent use of potassium supplements, potassium-sparing diuretics, or strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 (eg, ketoconazole).
  • Use reduced starting dose (eg, 25 mg) in patients receiving weak CYP3A4 inhibitors.
  • Ensure that serum electrolytes are monitored periodically. Notify health care provider if serum potassium is noted to be greater than 5 mEq/L.
  • Monitor and record BP and pulse. Should hypotension result, hold medication and notify health care provider.
  • Take safety precautions if orthostatic hypotension occurs.
OVERDOSAGE: SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
  Hypotension, hyperkalemia

 Patient/Family Education

  • Explain name, dose, action, and potential side effects of drug.
  • Advise patient to take medication every day as prescribed, without regard to meals. Advise patient to take with food if GI upset occurs.
  • Advise patient to try to take each dose at about the same time each day.
  • Inform patient that drug controls but not does cure hypertension and to continue taking drug as prescribed even when BP is not elevated.
  • Caution patient not to change the dose or stop taking unless advised to do so by health care provider.
  • Instruct patient to continue taking other BP medications as prescribed by health care provider.
  • Instruct patient in BP and pulse measurement skills.
  • Advise patient to monitor and record BP and pulse at home and to inform health care provider should abnormal measurements be noted. Also advise patient to take record of BP and pulse to each follow-up visit.
  • Instruct patient to lie or sit down if experiencing dizziness or lightheadedness when standing.
  • Emphasize to hypertensive patients the importance of the following other modalities on BP: weight control, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and moderate intake of alcohol and salt.
  • Instruct female patient to notify health care provider if pregnant, planning on becoming pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Caution patient to not take any prescription or OTC medications, salt substitutes, potassium supplements, or dietary supplements unless advised by health care provider.
  • Advise patient that follow-up visits and lab tests may be required to monitor therapy and to keep appointments.

Drug Assesment ::

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies. Note concurrent use of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists, or weak CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, fluconazole).
  • Review patient’s health history for any condition that could contraindicate eplerenone therapy: serum potassium greater than 5.5 mEq/L; type 2 diabetes with microalbuminuria; serum creatinine greater than 1.8 mg/dL in women or 2 mg/dL in men; Ccr less than 50 mL/min; concurrent use of potassium supplements, potassium-sparing diuretics, or strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 (eg, ketoconazole).
  • Use reduced starting dose (eg, 25 mg) in patients receiving weak CYP3A4 inhibitors.
  • Ensure that serum electrolytes are monitored periodically. Notify health care provider if serum potassium is noted to be greater than 5 mEq/L.
  • Monitor and record BP and pulse. Should hypotension result, hold medication and notify health care provider.
  • Take safety precautions if orthostatic hypotension occurs.
OVERDOSAGE: SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
  Hypotension, hyperkalemia

Drug Storage/Management ::

 Administration/Storage

  • Administer with or without food. Administer with food if GI upset occurs.
  • Give 50 mg dose once daily. Give a 100 mg dose as 50 mg bid.
  • Administer alone or in combination with other antihypertensives.
  • Store tablets at controlled room temperature (59° to 86°F).

Drug Notes ::

 Patient/Family Education

  • Explain name, dose, action, and potential side effects of drug.
  • Advise patient to take medication every day as prescribed, without regard to meals. Advise patient to take with food if GI upset occurs.
  • Advise patient to try to take each dose at about the same time each day.
  • Inform patient that drug controls but not does cure hypertension and to continue taking drug as prescribed even when BP is not elevated.
  • Caution patient not to change the dose or stop taking unless advised to do so by health care provider.
  • Instruct patient to continue taking other BP medications as prescribed by health care provider.
  • Instruct patient in BP and pulse measurement skills.
  • Advise patient to monitor and record BP and pulse at home and to inform health care provider should abnormal measurements be noted. Also advise patient to take record of BP and pulse to each follow-up visit.
  • Instruct patient to lie or sit down if experiencing dizziness or lightheadedness when standing.
  • Emphasize to hypertensive patients the importance of the following other modalities on BP: weight control, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and moderate intake of alcohol and salt.
  • Instruct female patient to notify health care provider if pregnant, planning on becoming pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Caution patient to not take any prescription or OTC medications, salt substitutes, potassium supplements, or dietary supplements unless advised by health care provider.
  • Advise patient that follow-up visits and lab tests may be required to monitor therapy and to keep appointments.

Disclaimer ::

The Information available on this site is for only Informational Purpose , before any use of this information please consult your Doctor .Price of the drugs indicated above may not match to real price due to many possible reasons may , including local taxes etc.. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.

We would like to keep you updated with special notifications.