Details About Generic Salt ::  Meclizin

Main Medicine Class:: Antiemetic and antivertigo,anticholinergic   

(MEK-lih-zeen)
Antivert, Antrizine, Bonine, Dizmiss, Dramamine II, Meni-D, Ru-Vert-M Vergon,  Bonamine
Class: Antiemetic and antivertigo/anticholinergic

 

Drugs Class ::

 Action Acts on CNS to decrease vestibular stimulation and depress labyrinthine activity.

Indications for Drugs ::

 Indications Prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting and dizziness of motion sickness; possibly effective treatment for vertigo of vestibular dysfunction origin.

Drug Dose ::

 Route/Dosage

Motion Sickness

ADULTS: PO 25–50 mg 1 hr before travel; may repeat q 24 hr during travel.

Vertigo

ADULTS: PO 25–100 mg/day in divided doses.

Contraindication ::

 Contraindications Hypersensitivity to cyclizine; asthma; glaucoma; emphysema; chronic pulmonary disease; shortness of breath; difficulty breathing; urinary retention caused by enlarged prostate.

Drug Precautions ::

 Precautions

Pregnancy: Category B. Lactation: Undetermined. Children: Safety and efficacy not established. Not recommended in children < 2 yr.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


Drug Side Effects ::

 Adverse Reactions

CV: Hypotension; tachycardia; palpitations. CNS: Drowsiness; excitation; nervousness; restlessness; insomnia; euphoria; ertigo; hallucinations. DERM: Rash; urticaria. EENT: Dry nose and throat; visual disturbances; tinnitus. GI: Nausea; vomiting; dry mouth; diarrhea; constipation; anorexia. GU: Urinary frequency; urinary retention; difficulty urinating.

Drug Mode of Action ::  

 Action Acts on CNS to decrease vestibular stimulation and depress labyrinthine activity.

Drug Interactions ::

 Interactions

Alcohol, CNS depressants: Additive CNS effects.

Drug Assesment ::

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies. Note glaucoma and prostatic hypertrophy.
  • Monitor for side effects, especially sedation, hypotension, tachycardia and urinary retention.
  • Implement safety precautions (eg, keep bed in low position and instruct patient to call for assistance when rising) if patient is experiencing sedation or vertigo.
OVERDOSAGE: SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
  Hyperexcitability, drowsiness, hallucinations, convulsions

Drug Storage/Management ::

 Administration/Storage

  • Tablets may be chewed, swallowed whole or allowed to dissolve in water.
  • Store at room temperature.

Drug Notes ::

 Patient/Family Education

  • When given for motion sickness, inform patient that first dose should be taken 1 hr before exposure to motion.
  • Instruct patient to take sips of water frequently, suck on ice chips or sugarless hard candy or chew sugarless gum if dry mouth occurs.
  • Explain that high-fiber diet and drinking plenty of fluids may help to prevent constipation, which is common side effect.
  • Instruct patient to report these symptoms to physician: sedation, dizziness, palpitations, difficulty urinating or urinary retention.
  • Instruct patient to notify physician if vomiting increases or becomes severe.
  • Advise patient that drug may cause drowsiness and to use caution while driving or performing other tasks requiring mental alertness.
  • Instruct patient to avoid intake of alcoholic beverages or other CNS depressants.
  • Advise patient not to take otc medications or other prescription medications without consulting physician.

Disclaimer ::

The Information available on this site is for only Informational Purpose , before any use of this information please consult your Doctor .Price of the drugs indicated above may not match to real price due to many possible reasons may , including local taxes etc.. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.

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