The Brand Name OXICHEMO Has Generic Salt :: OXALIPLATIN
OXICHEMO Is From Company Lupin Priced :: Rs. 1000
OXICHEMO have OXALIPLATIN is comes under Sub class Anti Neoplastic Agents of Main Class Anti Neoplastic Agents
Main Medicine Class:: Anti Neoplastic Agents Sub Medicine Class :: Anti Neoplastic Agents
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Indications for Drugs ::
Colorectal cancer, Colon cancer
Drug Dose ::
Intravenous Advanced colorectal cancer Adult: In combination with fluorouracil/leucovorin: 85 mg/m2 every 2 wk until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Dose to be given by IV infusion over 2-6 hr, dissolved in 250-500 ml of glucose 5%, . After recovery from toxicity, reduce dose to 65 mg/m2. Administer before fluoropyrimidines. Adjuvant therapy in stage III colon cancer Adult: In combination with fluorouracil/leucovorin: 85 mg/m2 every 2 wk for 12 cycles. Dose to be given by IV infusion over 2-6 hr, dissolved in 250-500 ml of glucose 5%, every 2 wk; given for 12 cycles. After recovery from toxicity, reduce dose to 75 mg/m2. Administer before fluoropyrimidines.
Pregnancy. Peripheral neuropathy with functional impairment. Severe renal impairment.
Drug Precautions ::
Should be administered under the supervision of an experienced cancer chemotherapy physician. Use appropriate precautions for handling and disposal. Monitor neurological status and dose should be reduced if symptoms are prolonged or severe. Monitor blood counts during treatment and courses should not be repeated until blood counts have recovered. Caution in elderly, moderate degrees of renal impairment. Avoid using aluminum-containing needles or IV admin sets that may come into contact with oxaliplatin as aluminum has been reported to cause degradation of platinum compounds. Lactation.
Drug Side Effects ::
Fatigue, fever, pain, headache, insomnia, nausea, diarrheoa, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, anorexia, stomatitis, anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, aspartate and alanine transaminases increased, total bilirubin increased, peripheral neuropathy, back pain, dyspnoea, cough, oedema, chest pain, peripheral oedema, flushing , thromboembolism, dizziness, rash, alopecia , hand-foot syndrome dehydration, hypokalaemia, dyspepsia, taste perversion, flatulence, mucositis, gastroesophageal reflux, dysphagia, dysuria, neutropenia, inj site reaction, rigors, arthralgia, abnormal lacrimation, serum creatinine increased, rhinitis, epistaxis, pharyngitis, pharyngolaryngeal dysesthesia, allergic reactions, hiccup. Potentially Fatal: Anaphylaxis, pulmonary fibrosis.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Oxaliplatin, a platinum-containing complex similar to cisplatin, is an alkylating agent. After intracellular hydrolysis, the platinum compound binds to DNA forming cross-links which inhibit DNA replication and transcription, resulting in cell death.
Drug Interactions ::
May decrease plasma levels of digoxin. May increase risk of toxicity with nephrotoxic drugs. When administered as sequential infusions, taxane derivatives (docetaxel, paclitaxel) should be administered before oxaliplatin to limit myelosuppression and enhance efficacy.