Cardiovascular System | MedicScientist :: Total Health Portal

Thyrotoxic crisis or Thyroid storm

Thyrotoxic crisis or thyroid storm It is a life-threatening hyperthyroidism with fever, seizures, coma, vomiting, diarrhoea, jaundice. A rare but often life-threatening medical emergency resulting from untreated hyperthyroidism Death can occur due to cardiac failure, arrhythmias, hyperthermia. Thyrotoxic crisis Symptoms include : — and fingernails may separate from the nail bed (Plummer’s nails). Cardiovascular findings […]

Secondary hypertension Renovascular hypertension

SECONDARY HYPERTENSION Secondary hypertension is the name given to the hypertension of which the cause is known, and can be corrected in many cases to cure the hy­pertension. Renal hypertension : This is due to either renal se­retion of vasoactive compounds resulting in increased arteriolar tone or volume expansion due to distur­ance of sodium and […]

Hypertension with Diabetes, heart failure, MI, CHF and Hypertension with Pregnancy

Hypertension with Diabetes Hypertension with Pregnancy Early treatment of hypertension is particularly important in diabetic patients both to prevent cardiovascular disease and to minimize progression of renal disease and diabetic retinopathy The ADVANCE trial was designed to evaluate the effect of intensive blood pressure and glycemic control on cardiovascular disease. Risk Factors Hypertension with Diabetes Poor […]

CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE (Tetralogy of Fallot, Truncus arteriosus )

CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE means congenital heart disease with cyanosis and clubbing Due to high pulmonary vascular resistance in fetus, pulmonary blood flow is very low – only 20% of fetal circulation. CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE         A frequently used mnemonic is the “five Ts” of cyanotic CHD: […]

Renin and Hypertension Low renin and High Renin essential hypertension with Treatment

Renin and Hypertension Low renin and High Renin essential hypertension Renin is enzyme secreted by juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney. Hypertensives can be low renin essential Hypertensives and high renin essential hypertensives. Low renin essential hypertension : 20% of pa­tients of essential hypertension have low renin es­sential hypertension. When patients with low renin essential hypertension take […]

Pulmonary Edema Causes Diagnosis with Treatment

Pulmonary Edema Causes Diagnosis with Treatment Edema is defined as a palpable swelling produced by expansion of the interstitial fluid volume. When the left ventricle is not able to eject all the blood effectively there is pulmonary conges­tion, systemic hypoperfusion, and exudation of fluid and blood elements into the alveoli; this is called Pulmonary edema. […]

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) Causes and Risk factors for Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) ischemic heart disease (IHO) is a disease of the heart due to a deficiency of supply of blood, oxy­gen and nutrients to the heart. Ischemic heart disease occurs when there is imbal­ance between supply (of blood, oxygen, nutrients) and demand (increased demand, less supply). Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) Causes Atherosclerosis -is […]

Ischemia Myocardial ischemia(MI) ECG and effects of ischemia

Ischemia Types Effects of Ischemia, Myocardial ischemia(MI) ECG ,vertebrobasilar ischemia and other metabolic changes A temporary deficiency of blood flow to an organ or tissue, Normal muscle contraction and relaxation af­fected Angina pectoris has been considered the cardinal symptom of myocardial ischemia for more than two centuries.   LVF (left ventricular failure) Papillary muscle dysfunction […]

PRESENTATIONS OF ischemic heart disease(IHD)

PRESENTATIONS OF ischemic heart disease (IHD) Angina pectoris, acute MI or death may be the First presentation of IHD. Stable Angina Pectoris stable angina pectoris is chest pain due to coronary :; ischemia which is of very short duration and easily -relieved (within 5-10 minutes) by simple measures like rest. Exercise testing or ambulatory monitoring […]

Ischemic Heart Disease Physical Examination Lab Examination and Family history

Ischemic Heart Disease Physical Examination Lab Examination and Family history of premature IHD   Unstable Angina     Unstable angina is angina pectoris with typical char­acter of pain but certain atypical features like: It occurs at rest and lasts more than 10 minutes .2/. It is of new onset within the past 6 wks. It […]

MYOCARDITIS Physical Examination Symptoms Clinical Manifestations Diagnosis

MYOCARDITIS CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS Diagnosis Signs and symptoms Myocarditis is a condition resulting from inflammation of the heart muscle. usually as a consequence of infections (e.g., viruses, Lyme disease, Lyme carditis ,rheumatic fever, trypanosomes, or toxoplasmosis) However, in contrast to adults, the majority of children with myocarditis present with acute or fulminant disease. Myocarditis is cardiac […]

PericardiaI Diseases Diagnosis Causes and Physical findings and PericardiaI Diseases Treatment

PericardiaI Diseases Causes and Treatment — The heart is covered by two protective membranes­ Parietal pericardium – Fibrous outer mem­brane. Visceral pericardium – Serous inner mem­brane. The pericardium is a fibroelastic sac made up of visceral and parietal layers separated by a (potential) space, the pericardial cavity. The functions of the pericardium are: It prevents […]

CARDIAC TAMPONADE Causes with Physical findings and Treatment

CARDIAC TAMPONADE Causes Physical findings and Treatment CARDIAC TAMPONADE may result from injuries to the heart or from cardiac rupture, great vessels,or CARDIAC TAMPONADE may accur  from other conditions that produce large pericardial effusions Cardiac tamponade is characterized by the accumulation of pericardial fluid under pressure and may be acute or subacute A life-threatening condition […]

CHRONIC CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS Physical findings and Treatment

CHRONIC CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS Constrictive pericarditis — Constrictive pericarditis is the result of scarring and consequent loss of elasticity of the pericardial sac. The normal pericardium is a fibroelastic sac containing a thin layer of fluid that surrounds the heart. After the absorption of ericardial fluid thereis orga­nization of fibrin, serous fluid and granulation tissue In […]

Infective Endocarditis Causes of Infective Endocarditis TREATMENT of Infective Endocarditis

  Infective Endocarditis  CLINICAL FEATURES of infective Endocarditis (IE) causes the Infective Endocarditis With TREATMENT  of infective Endocarditis (IE) Proliferation of microorganisms on the endot­helium of heart results in infective endocardi­tis. The typical feature–of the· disease is vegetation. Endocarditis may be caused by any microorganism;  of streptococci or staphylococci; Haemophilus spp. or other HACEK bacteria […]

Examination of the Cardiovascular System

Now we are starting the series of – Cardiovascular System The general appearance should be evaluated. <!–b1db3ec7868a4a669c04fa81b506a3b1–> A patient with low cardiac output looks tired and breathless. [intlink id=”225″ type=”post” /] A patient of pulmonary congestion / pulmonary edema is breathless and respiratory rate is increased. Central cyanosis with clubbing indicates right to left cardiac […]

Amrinone

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amrinone  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Cardiac Failure , Shock 4A. DRUGS FOR CARDIAC FAILURE & SHOCK in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMRINONE PHOSPHODIESTERASE ENZYME INHIBITOR | INOTROPIC, VASODILATOR PK: M: Hepatic E: Urine (unchanged drug & metabolites) Indications & Dose: INTRACTABLE HEART FAILURE IV Adult Loading dose 0.75mg/kg over […]

Nicergoline

Details About Generic Salt ::  Nicergoline  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Vascular disorder 4G. DRUGS FOR VASCULAR DISORDER in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM NICERGOLINE ALPHA-1A ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST (ERGOT DERIVATIVE) | ANTI-DEMENTIA Indications & Dose: MENTAL DETERIORATION ASSOCIATED WITH CEREBROVASCULAR INSUFFICIENCY PO Adult 60mg/day in divided doses | IV Adult Inf: 4-8mg/day | IM Adult […]

Atenolol

Details About Generic Salt ::  Atenolol  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ATENOLOL ß-ADRENERGIC BLOCKER (SELECTIVE) | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE, ANTI-ANGINAL also comes under 4C. Anti-Anginals in 4. Cardiovascular System PK: A: Rapid & incomplete M: Hepatic E: Feces & urine Indications & Dose: ANGINA PECTORIS PO Adult 50-100mg/day as single/divided […]

Amlodipine , Enalapril

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amlodipine , Enalapril  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMLODIPINE + ENALAPRIL CCB, ACEI | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Each tablet contains amlodipine besylate 5mg & enalapril maleate 5mg: 1 tablet/d, increase gradually if needed Contra: Hypersensitivity, hereditary/idiopathic angioedema Precautions: Hepatic/renal […]

Amlodipine , Lisinopril

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amlodipine , Lisinopril  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMLODIPINE + LISINOPRIL CCB, ACEI | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Each tablet contains amlodipine 5mg & lisinopril 5mg: 1 tablet OD, may increase to 2 tablet/day if needed Contra: Hypersensitivity, hereditary/idiopathic angioedema […]

Amlodipine , Losartan

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amlodipine , Losartan  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMLODIPINE + LOSARTAN CCB, ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Each tablet contains amlodipine 5mg & losartan potassium 50mg: Initially 1 tablet/day, may be increase to 2 tablet/day Contra: […]

Atenolol , chlorthalidone

Details About Generic Salt ::  Atenolol , chlorthalidone  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ATENOLOL + CHLORTHALIDONE ß-BLOCKER, DIURETIC | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Single tablet contains atenolol 50/100mg and chlorthalidone 25mg. Take one tablet daily Contra: Hypersensitivity, heart block greater than first degree, cardiogenic shock, […]

Propranolol , Hydrochlorothiazide

Details About Generic Salt ::  Propranolol , Hydrochlorothiazide  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM PROPRANOLOL + HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE ß-BLOCKER, THIAZIDE DIURETIC | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult One tablet contains Propranolol 40mg & hydrochlorothiazide 25mg or Propranolol 80mg & hydrochlorothiazide 25mg. Administer 1 tablet BID

Metoprolol , Hydrochlorothiazide

Details About Generic Salt ::  Metoprolol , Hydrochlorothiazide  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM METOPROLOL + HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE ß-BLOCKER, THIAZIDE DIURETIC | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION Adult One tablet contains Metoprolol 50 & hydrochlorothiazide 25mg or Metoprolol 50/100mg & hydrochlorothiazide 25mg. Administer 1 tablet OD/BID

Ramipril , Hydrochlorothiazide

Details About Generic Salt ::  Ramipril , Hydrochlorothiazide  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM RAMIPRIL + HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE ACEI, THIAZIDE DIURETIC | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION PO Adult Ramipril 2.5mg & hydrochlorothiazide 12.5mg OD, titrate to max ramipril 10mg & hydrochlorothiazide 50mg OD Contra: Hypersensitivity, angioedema related to […]

Amlodipine , Atenolol

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amlodipine , Atenolol  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMLODIPINE + ATENOLOL CCB, ß-BLOCKER | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE, ANTI-ANGINAL also comes under 4C. Anti-Anginals in 4. Cardiovascular System Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Each tablet contains Amlodipine 5mg & Atenolol 25mg or 50mg, one tablet/day, […]

Amlodipine , Benazepril

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amlodipine , Benazepril  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMLODIPINE + BENAZEPRIL CCB & ACEI | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION Combination therapy PO Adult Amlodipine (2.5-10mg/day, max 10mg/day) and benazepril (10-40mg/day, max 80mg/day)Not adequately controlled with monotherapy Contra: Renal impairment (Clcr < 30 […]

Lidocaine , Epinephrine

Details About Generic Salt ::  Lidocaine , Epinephrine  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Arrhythmics 16B. LOCAL ANESTHETICS in 16. ANESTHETICS LIDOCAINE + EPINEPHRINE LOCAL ANESTHETIC Indications & Dose: DENTAL ANESTHESIA Adult Lidocaine 7mg/kg, max 300-500mg & epinephrine 0.2mg/dental appointment Child >12 yr: Same as adult dose | INFILTRATION/CONDUCTION BLOCK Adult Lidocaine 7mg/kg, max 300-500mg & […]

Esmolol

Details About Generic Salt ::  Esmolol  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ESMOLOL CARDIOSELECTIVE ß-BLOCKER | ANTI-ARRHYTHMIC, ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE also comes under 4B. Anti-Arrhythmics in 4. Cardiovascular System PK: D: 3.4 L/kg (Vd) E: Urine Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION IV Adult Initial bolus 80 mg (~1mg/kg) over 30 sec, followed […]

Cilostazol

Details About Generic Salt ::  Cilostazol  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Vascular disorder 4G. DRUGS FOR VASCULAR DISORDER in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM CILOSTAZOL PDE-3 INHIBITOR | VASODILATOR PK: M: Hepatic E: Urine (74%), feces (20%) Indications & Dose: INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION Symptomatic therapy PO Adult 100mg BID Contra: Hypersensitivity, HF, hemostatic disorders/active bleeding, history of […]

Amlodipine

Details About Generic Salt ::  Amlodipine  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Anginals 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AMLODIPINE CCB | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE, ANTI-ANGINAL also comes under 4C. Anti-Anginals in 4. Cardiovascular System,   PK: A: Well absorbed (PO) D: 21 L/kg (Vd) M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE PO Adult 5-10mg ODAngiographically […]

Pentoxifylline

Details About Generic Salt ::  Pentoxifylline  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Vascular disorder 4G. DRUGS FOR VASCULAR DISORDER in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM PENTOXIFYLLINE XANTHINE DERIVATIVE | VASODILATOR PK: A: Well absorbed M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION PO Adult 400mg TID 8 wk, reduce to 400mg BID in case of GI/CNS […]

Benazepril

Details About Generic Salt ::  Benazepril  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Cardiac Failure , Shock 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BENAZEPRIL ACEI | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE also comes under 4A. Drugs for Cardiac Failure & Shock in 4. Cardiovascular System PK: A: Rapid D: 8.7 L/kg (Vd) M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: HEART […]

Adenosine

Details About Generic Salt ::  Adenosine  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Arrhythmics 4B. ANTI-ARRHYTHMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ADENOSINE ENDOGENOUS NUCLEOSIDE | ANTI-ARRHYTHMIC PK: M: Blood & tissue Indications & Dose: ADJUNCT TO THALLIUM STRESS TESTING IV Adult 140µg/kg/min over 6 min Via peripheral veinInfusion | DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF SVT IV General 3mg, then 6-12mg […]

Triamterene

Details About Generic Salt ::  Triamterene  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM TRIAMTERENE POTASSIUM SPARING DIURETIC | DIURETIC, ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE also comes under 10A. Diuretics in 10. Genito-Urinary System,   PK: A: Rapid E: Urine Indications & Dose: EDEMA Maintenance therapy PO Adult Initially 100mg BID, if edema is controlled administer […]

Irbesartan

Details About Generic Salt ::  Irbesartan  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM IRBESARTAN ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE PK: A: Rapid D: 53-93 L (Vd) M: Hepatic E: Feces (80%), urine (20%) Indications & Dose: DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PO Adult 300mg/day | HYPERTENSION PO Adult 150mg/day, max 300mg/day Child […]

Clonidine

Details About Generic Salt ::  Clonidine  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM CLONIDINE CENTRALLY ACTING SYMPATHOLYTIC | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE PK: A: Well absorbed D: 2.1 L/kg(Vd) E: Urine Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult 50–100µg TID, increased every 2nd or 3rd day, max 1.2mg/day | IV Adult Inj: 150–300µg/day slowly, […]

Methyldopa

Details About Generic Salt ::  Methyldopa  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM METHYLDOPA ANTIADRENERGIC (CENTRALLY ACTING) | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE PK: M: Intestinal & hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Initially 250mg 2-3 times/day, increase q2days as needed max 3g/day, usual dose range 250-1000mg/day in 2 divided doses […]

Bezafibrate

Details About Generic Salt ::  Bezafibrate  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Fluid , Electrolyte Preparations 4F. ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BEZAFIBRATE LIPID REGULATOR (FIBRIC ACID DERIVATIVE) | ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMIC PK: A: Rapid D: ~17 L M: Hepatic E: Urine, feces Indications & Dose: HYPERLIPIDEMIA PO Adult 200mg TID, dose may increased gradually over 5-7 days, MD […]

Ezetimibe

Details About Generic Salt ::  Ezetimibe  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Fluid , Electrolyte Preparations 4F. ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM EZETIMIBE CHOLESTEROL ABSORPTION INHIBITOR | ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMIC PK: A: Rapid M: Small intestine & hepatic E: Feces, urine Indications & Dose: HOMOZYGOUS SITOSTEROLEMIA PO Adult 10mg/day Child =>10 yr: Same as adult dose Elderly Same as […]

Fenofibrate

Details About Generic Salt ::  Fenofibrate  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Fluid , Electrolyte Preparations 4F. ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM FENOFIBRATE FIBRIC ACID DERIVATIVE | ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMIC PK: A: Well absorbed D: Extensive M: Hepatic/renal E: Urine, feces Indications & Dose: HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA PO Adult Micronized capsule: 43-130mg/day, Tablet: 54-160mg/day. Adjust dose at intervals of 4-8 wk […]

Lovastatin

Details About Generic Salt ::  Lovastatin  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Fluid , Electrolyte Preparations 4F. ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM LOVASTATIN HMG-COA REDUCTASE INHIBITOR | ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMIC PK: M: Liver E: Feces Indications & Dose: HYPERLIPIDEMIA PO Adult Initially 20mg then adjust at 4 wk intervals, max 80mg/day Child 10-17 yr: IR tablet 10mg/day (for LDL […]

Digoxin

Details About Generic Salt ::  Digoxin  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Cardiac Failure , Shock 4A. DRUGS FOR CARDIAC FAILURE & SHOCK in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM DIGOXIN CARDIAC GLYCOSIDE | INOTROPIC, ANTIARRHYTHMIC also comes under 4B. Anti-Arrhythmics in 4. Cardiovascular System PK: A: 70% (Tab), 80%(Elixir), 90%(soft gelatin capsules) D: Extensive M: Intestine & […]

Gemfibrozil

Details About Generic Salt ::  Gemfibrozil  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Fluid , Electrolyte Preparations 4F. ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM GEMFIBROZIL LIPID REGULATOR (FIBRIC ACID DERIVATIVE) | ANTI-HYPERLIPIDEMIC PK: A: Well absorbed M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: HYPERLIPIDEMIA PO Adult 600mg BID(type IIa, IIb, III, IV, V) Contra: Hypersensitivity, hepatic dysfunction, severe renal […]

Lidocaine

Details About Generic Salt ::  Lidocaine  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Arrhythmics 16B. LOCAL ANESTHETICS in 16. ANESTHETICS LIDOCAINE AMIDE DERIVATIVE | LOCAL ANESTHETIC, ANTIARRHYTHMIC (CLASS IB) also comes under 4B. Anti-Arrhythmics in 4. Cardiovascular System PK: A: Rapid D: Extensive M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: LOCAL ANESTHESIA Adult Percutaneous infiltration anesthesia: 5-300mg […]

Losartan

Details About Generic Salt ::  Losartan  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM LOSARTAN ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE PK: A: Rapid D: 34 L(Vd) M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PO Adult Initially 50mg OD in type 2 DM | HYPERTENSION PO Adult 50mg/day, may […]

Olmesartan

Details About Generic Salt ::  Olmesartan  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Hypertensives 4D. ANTI-HYPERTENSIVES in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OLMESARTAN ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1-RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST | ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE PK: D: 17 L M: GIT E: Feces (50-65%) & urine (35-50%) Indications & Dose: HYPERTENSION PO Adult Initially 20mg OD, increase to 40mg OD if no response after […]

Milrinone

Details About Generic Salt ::  Milrinone  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Drugs for Cardiac Failure , Shock 4A. DRUGS FOR CARDIAC FAILURE & SHOCK in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM MILRINONE PDE INHIBITOR | POSITIVE INOTROPIC & VASODILATOR PK: A: Rapid & complete D: 0.32-0.45 L/kg(Vd) M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: ADVANCED CARDIOVASCULAR LIFE SUPPORT IV […]

Mexiletine

Details About Generic Salt ::  Mexiletine  Main Medicine Class:: Cardiovascular System   Sub Medicine Class ::  Anti Arrhythmics 4B. ANTI-ARRHYTHMICS in 4. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM MEXILETINE LIDOCAINE-LIKE AGENT | ANTI-ARRHYTHMIC (CLASS IB) PK: A: Well absorbed D: 5-7 L/kg (Vd) M: Hepatic E: Urine Indications & Dose: VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS PO Adult Loading dose 400mg then 200-250mg TID/QID given 2h after loading dose, […]