CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE | MedicScientist :: Total Health Portal

Ebstein’s anomaly of the tricuspid valve Physical examination Clinical features and Treatment

Ebstein’s anomaly of the tricuspid valve Ebstein’s anomaly Physical examination with Clinical features Ebsetin’s anomaly of the tricuspid valve is a congeni­tal heart disease in which the tricuspid valve is placed at a lower level so that there is atrialization of the rigFit ventricle. A congenital heart condition resulting from downward displacement of the tricuspid […]

Ostium Primum ASD (Inter atrial communication)

Ostium Primum ASD (Inter atrial communica­tion) The opening in the first septum of the embryonic heart; it closes as the ventricles form. There is right to left shunt and mitral valve regurgita­tion. Symptoms occur in childhood itself with congestive heart failure and retarded growth and development. There is atrial fibrillation commonly. Due to mitral regurgitation, […]

CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES General HEART Malformations defects or structural problem

CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES General defects structural problem in the heart  Acyanotic congenital heart diseases with nor­mal or decreased pulmonary arterial blood flow (no shunt). Left sided HEART Malformations or structural problem in the heart  Cardiac mal positions – Dextrocardia etc. Congenitally corrected transposition of great ar­teries .(CTGA). Coarctation of aorta Mitral stenosis. Mitral regurgitation Obstruction at […]

CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE Coarctation of the Aorta with Clinical features

CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE Coarctation of the Aorta Clinical features coarctation of aorta means a narrowing of the aorta just distal to left subclavian artery, proximal (preductal) or distal (post ductal) to insertion of duc­tus arteriosus. A narrowing (discrete or of varying lengths) of the aorta at any point but usually located just distal to the […]

Examination and Investigations of coarctation of aorta CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE with Complications

Examination and Investigations of CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE       Collateral circulation / anastomoses in coarcta­tion of aorta       Examination of precordium : A systolic thrill may be felt in the suprasternal notch. There is a heaving left ventricular apical impulse due to pressure over­load of LV. A systolic murmur may be […]

Atrial Septal Defect ASD Clinical features Physical Exam with Treatment

Atrial Septal Defect Clinical features Physical Exam with Treatment                    Ostium secundum atrial septal defect Most common is ostium secundumASD, located at mid interatrial septum. It is a simple and common type of ASD with shunt from LA to RA. Usually asymptomatic and acyanotic in children and young adults. Atrial Septal Defect Clinical features More […]

Common atrioventricular canal defect or complete atrioventricular septal defect

Common atrioventricular canal defect or com­plete atrioventricular septal defect There is congestive heart failure in infancy. There may be cyanosis commonly. Isolated ASDs result from abnormal development of the septa that partition the common atrium of the developing heart into right and left chambers. There may be Down’s syndrome. There is marked parasternal heave or […]

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) CLINICAL FEATURES and examination Investigations with Treatment

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) CLINICAL FEATURES General examination with Treatment There is a shunt from LV to RV due to a defect in the interventricular septum. VSD also occurs in combination with other congenital heart defects, as in an atrioventricular canal (AVC),transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA),tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and occasionally, CLINICAL FEATURES Presentation […]

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) Clinical features Diagnosis with Treatment

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) Complications Clinical features and Diagnosis The ductus normally closes at birth. When the ductus remains patent then a left-to-right shunt exists between the aorta to the pulmonary ar­ery. The ductus is attached to the aorta just after he origin of the left subclavian artery. he ductus is attached to the pulmonary […]

Eisenmenger syndrome (ASD, VSD, PDA With PAH with reversal of shunt – Right-to-Ieft shunt) with Treatment

Eisenmenger syndrome (ASD, VSD, PDA With PAH with reversal of shunt – Right-to–Ieft shunt) Eisenmenger described a syndrome in which pulmonary vascular disease developed in patients with a nonrestrictive ventricular septal defect, There is cyanosis, JVP is normal, there is no paraster­nal heave, palpable pulmonary trunk in left second intercostal space. There are signs of […]