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Details Descriptions About :: kala azar
Kala-azar causes symptoms treatment
Description of Kala-azar
DefinitionAccording to dictionary definition Kala-azar (Leishmaniasis) is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis. The most common are cutaneous and visceral.
Forms of leishmaniasis:1. The cutaneous type causes skin sores.2. The visceral type affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. People with this form usually have fever, weight loss, and an enlarged spleen and liver. Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition Common symptoms include:1. Stuffy or runny nose2. Nose bleeds3. Difficulty breathing4. Weight loss5. Weakness6. Cough7. Fever that lasts for weeks or months8. Enlarged spleen9. Enlarged liver10. Decreased production of red blood cells (RBCs)Leishmaniasis is found in parts of about 88 countries. Most of these countries are in the tropics and subtropics. TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition Treatment includes:1. Medicines that contain antimony, a type of metal2. Strong antibiotics PreventionAccording to dictionary definition The best way to prevent the disease is to protect yourself from sand fly bites:1. Stay indoors from dusk to dawn, when sand flies are the most active2. Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts when outside3. Use insect repellent and bed nets as needed Centers for Disease Control and Prevention