The Brand Name NITROFUR Has Generic Salt :: Nitrofurantoin
NITROFUR Is From Company Wanbury Priced :: Rs. 59
NITROFUR have Nitrofurantoin is comes under Sub class Urinary Antiseptics,Analgesics of Main Class Genito Urinary System
Main Medicine Class:: Genito Urinary System Sub Medicine Class :: Urinary Antiseptics,Analgesics
|Salt Name : OR Generic Name||Form||Price : MRP /Probable||Packing|
|Nitrofurantoin||SR TAB||Rs. 59||10|
Indications for Drugs ::
Drug Dose ::
Oral Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections Adult: 50-100 mg 4 times daily for 7 days. Dual-release preparation: 100 mg bid. Child: >3 mth and older children: 3 mg/kg daily in 4 divided doses. Prophylaxis of uncomplicated urinary tract infections Adult: 50-100 mg at bedtime. Child: >3 mth and older children: 1 mg/kg once daily.
Severe renal impairment (anuria, oliguria, significantly elevated serum creatinine, CrCl <60 ml/min). Hypersensitivity to nitrofurans, G6PD deficiency, infants <3 mth. Pregnancy at term, during labour and delivery, or when the onset of labour is imminent. Drug Precautions ::
Elderly. Monitor hepatic and pulmonary function during prolonged therapy. Pre-existing pulmonary, hepatic, neurological, or allergic disorders, predisposition to peripheral neuropathy e.g. renal impairment, anaemia, DM, electrolyte imbalance, debility, vitamin B deficiency. Withdraw if signs of peripheral neuropathy occur. Lactation.
Drug Side Effects ::
Nausea, vomiting, anorexia, abdominal pain, diarrhoea; headache, drowsiness, vertigo, dizziness, nystagmus, benign intracranial hypertension; rash, urticaria, pruritus, fever, sialadenitis, angioedema, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, pancreatitis, lupus-like syndrome, myalgia, arthralgia; acute pulmonary sensitivity reactions; megaloblastic anaemia, leucopenia, granulocytopenia or agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia, aplastic anaemia, haemolytic anaemia (in G6PD-deficient patients); transient alopecia; brownish discolouration of urine. Potentially Fatal: Peripheral polyneuropathy, hepatotoxicity, anaphylaxis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, interstitial pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Nitrofurantoin interferes with cell metabolism and cell wall synthesis by inhibiting several enzyme systems including acetyl coenzyme A. It is bactericidal to most gram-positive and gram-negative urinary tract pathogens.
Drug Interactions ::
Reduced excretion with probenecid or sulfinpyrazone. Absorption reduced by magnesium trisilicate. Antagonistic effects with quinolone antibacterials. Reduced effects with carbonic anhydrase inhibitors or urinary alkalinisers.