Overview of Basics of AYURVEDA With Fundamentals

AN OVERVIEW OF AYURVEDA FUNDAMENTALS OF AYURVEDA

  • • Most ancient science of the world.
  • • Considered as Upaveda (subsidiary) of Atharva Veda.
  • • Vedas are oldest recorded wisdom on the earth.
  • Ayurveda survived through two sets of original authentic texts.
  • • Each set consisting of three books.
  • • Written in Samskrit and deals with all aspect of health, disease and treatment.

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An Overview of Basics of AYURVEDA With Fundamentals


AYURVEDIC TEXTS

  • VRIHATTRAYI
    • ( Three big books)
    • • 1. Charaka Samhita
      • (600 BC)
    • • 2. Sushruta Samhita
      • (500 BC).
    • • 3. Samhitas of Vagbhata
      • (600 AD)
  • LAGHUTRAYI
    • ( Three small books)
    • • 1.Madhav Nidana
      • (900 AD)
    • • 2.Sarangdhar Samhita
      • (1300 AD)
    • • 3. Bhav Prakash
      • (1600 AD)

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An Overview of Basics of AYURVEDA With Fundamentals


APPROACH OF AYURVEDA *PHILOSOPHICAL * HOLISTIC *HUMANISTIC AYURVEDA IS More Life and Health oriented than Disease and

    • Treatment Ayurveda presents a total Life Science and visualizes the total health to the total human being in a holistic way.

 

AYURVEDA

A complete Promotive, Preventive and Curative System of Medicine

 

Eight Major Clinical Specialities of Ayurveda

  • 1. Kaya Chikitsa ( Medicine)
  • 2. Shalya Tantra (Surgery)
  • 3. Shalakya (Diseases of Eye & ENT)
  • 4. Kaumarbhritya (Pediatrics, Obstetrics, Gynaecology)
  • 5. Bhuta Vidya (Psychiatry)
  • 6. Agad Tantra (Toxicology)
  • 7. Rasayana Tantra (Nutrition,Rejuvenation & Geriatrics)
  • 8. Vajikarana (Sexology)

Methodology by which the knowledge of Ayurveda has perceived PRAMANAS

  • 1. Pratyaksha (Direct perception)
  • 2. Anuman (Logical perception)
  • 3. Aptopadesh (Verbal & authentic documentary testimony)
  • 4. Yukti (Experimental evidences)

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN Ayurveda and Modern Medicine

  • AYURVEDA
    • # Experiential Science.
    • # Holistic or Totalistic.
    • # Functional oriented science.
  • Modern Medicine
    • # Experimental Science.
    • # Analytical approach.
  • # Structure or organ oriented.
    • LOKA PURUSHA SAMYA
    • (Macrocosm- Microcosm continnum)
    • *INDIVIDUAL * UNIVERSE

Pancha Mahabhutas PANCHMAHABHUTAS

  • 1. AKASHA ( Eather / space)
  • 2. VAYU (Air / motion )
  • 3. TEJA ( Fire / radiant energy )
  • 4. JALA (water / cohesive factor )
  • 5. PRITHVI ( Earth / mass )

LOKA PURUSHA

Constant interaction To Maintain Homeostasis Life (Ayu) and Panchamahabhuta Theory

  • LIFE (Ayu)
  • ATMA (Conscious element)
  • INDRIYA (Senses)
  • SATTVA (Psyche)
  • SHARIRA (Physical Body

The Theory of Tridosha

  • Panchamahabhuta Biological applications of

Panchamahabhuta

  • VAYU
  • AKASHA
  • TEJA
  • JALA
  • PRITHVI
  • VATA (Motional energy)
  • PITTA (Chemical activities) KKAPHA (Solid substratum)

The Theory of Trigunas

Panchamahabhuta Gunas of Mind (Psyche)

  • VAYU
  • AKASHA
  • TEJA
  • JALA
  • PRITHVI
  • SATVA GUNA (STATE OF COMPLETE BALANCE)
  • RAJAS GUNA (DYNAMICITY & ACTIVITY) TAMAS GUNA (MASS ENERTIA)
  • Genetically determined relative proportion of DOSHAS within the normal range
  • Determine the total Personality
  • (Physique, Physiology & Psyche)

DOSAJA PRAKRITI

  • Doshaja Prakriti should be considered in
  • • Understanding of human life.
  • • Health status.
  • • Disease susceptibility.
  • • Preventive & promotive health care.
  • • Treatment.

SWABHAVOPARAMVAD (Self Healing)

  • Human body is inherently endowed with an unique power of
  • SELF DEFENCE
    • SPONTANEOUS HEALING (against injury and disease)
  • Role of Medicine
    • To assist the Nature
    • BASIC CAUSES OF DISEASE
    • FAILURE OF HARMONY
    • BETWEEN
    • MAN(Purusha) & ENVIRONMENT (Loka)
    • Normally interaction between Loka and Purush takes place at the level of Three factors
  • KALA
    • (Time factor and its chronological influence)
  • BUDDHI
    • (Intellect of man as the major source of thought information)
  • INDRIYARTH
    • (Objects of 5 sense organs are sourse of stressfull informations
    • From environment
    • Ayoga
    • Atiyoga
    • Mithya yoga
    • KALA
    • BUDDHI
    • INDRIYARTH
    • Kal Parinam
    • Pragyaparadha
    • Asatmendriyarth

AYURVEDIC APPROACH OF CURE

  • 1. DAIVVYAPASHRAYA CHIKITSA
  • (Devine Therapy)
  • 2. YUKTIVYAPASHRAYA CHIKITSA
  • (Rational Treatment)
  • i. Samshodhan ii. Samsaman
  • (Purificatory therapy) (Curative Treatment)
  • 3. SATTVAVAJAYA (Psychotherapy)
  • • Samshodhana includes Panchakarma therapy, rejuvenation and apphrodisiac techniques
  • • Samshamana includes uses of healing herbs and approaches to achieve optimum health

PRAKRITI AYURVEDIC CONSTITUTION

  • WHY TWO PERSONS
  • ARE NOT SAME ?
  • PHYSICALLY & MENTALLY
  • PRAKRITI
  • Determine the total Personality
  • (Physique, Physiology & Psyche)
  • Genetically determined relative proportion of DOSHAS within the normal range.
  • WHAT IS PRAKRITI ?

WHY IT IS ESSENTIAL TO KNOW ABOUT PRAKRITI ?

  • • Understanding of human life.
  • • Health status.
  • • Disease susceptibility.
  • • Preventive & promotive health care.
  • • Treatment.
  • PRAKRITI
    • PHYSICAL (SHARIRIKA)
    • MENTAL (MANASIKA)

FACTORS  ON WHICH THE PRAKRITI DEPENDS

    • • Nature of Sperm and Ovum of the parents.
    • Kala (Time factor)
    • # Time of fertilization.
    • # Season of fertilization.
    • • Nature of Garbhashaya (Uterus).
    • Ahara (Diet) and Vihara (Mode of Life) of mother.
    • • Nature of Mahabhutas (Five basic elements).

 

  • Nature of Sperm and Ovum of the parents.
  • • Sperm and Ovum having definite proportion of Doshas.
  • • Dominancy of Doshas show their impact in formation of Prakriti.

  AN OVERVIEW OF AYURVEDA

V=4, P=2, K=2 VATA Prakriti

Kala (Time factor)

  • • # Time of fertilization. * Dominancy of Dosha at the time of fertilization (day/night hours).
  • • # Season of fertilization.
    • * Adana Kala (Late winter, Spring, Summer)
  • – Fetal development may be affected.
  • * Visarga Kala ( Rainy, Autumn, Early winter)
  • -Endows strength for mother and child, both

Mother should follow the rules according to season (in relation to Prakriti)

  • Nature of Garbhashaya (Uterus).
    • • Normally developed.
    • • Normal physiological functions.
    • • Position of Placenta.
  • Ahara (Diet) and Vihara (Mode of Life) of mother.
    • • The diet of pregnant woman should be according to her Prakriti.
    • • Improper diet and mode of life
  • Vitiation of Doshas
  • EFFECT ON THE STATUS & CONSTITUTION OF FETUS

Nature of Mahabhutas (Five basic elements)

  • • Nature of Mahabhut comprised the fetus.
  • • Five basic elements:
  • * Akasha (Ether/ space).
  • * Vayu (Air).
  • * Agni (Fire).
  • * Jala (Water).
  • * Prithvi (Earth).
  • • These elements combine in different proportion to form biological entities-
  • *VATA
  • *PITTA
  • *KAPHA

The VATA

BASIC FACTS:

  • • Made up of Akasha (space) & Vayu (air).
  • • Vata is self originated, subtle and all pervasive.
  • • It sustains the body.

Physical Properties of Vata It is –

  • • dry( ruksha),
  • • cold (shita),
  • • subtle (sukshama),
  • • light (laghu),
  • • unstable (chala) and
  • • rough (khara).

PITTA

  • • RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL TYPES OF TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE BODY

Physical Properties of Pitta

  • • Liquid.
  • • Light.
  • • Viscous.
  • • Acrid.
  • • Sour.

NORMAL FUNCTIONS OF PITTA

  • • Intellectual functions.
  • • Imparts colour.
  • • Production of heat.
  • • Promotes digestion.
  • • Vision.

KAPHA

  • • CONSISTS OF PREDOMINETLY BY JALA (WATER) & EARTH (PRITHVI) ELEMENTS.
  • • MORE STABLE THAN OTHER TWO DOSHAS.
  • • POTENTIAL SOURCE OF STRENGTH AND RESISTANCE AGAINST DISEASES (BALA)

NORMAL FUNCTIONS OF KAPHA

  • • BINDER OF VARIOUS BODY STRUCTURES ESPECIALLY JOINTS.
  • • RESPONSIBLE FOR STABILITY & STURDINESS OF THE BODY.
  • • BODY RESISTENCE AGAINST DISEASE & DECAY.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERS OF KAPHA

  • • VISCOUS
  • • SMOOTH
  • • SOFT
  • • FIRM
  • • DENSE
  • • MOIST
  • • HEAVY
  • • COOL
  • • SLIMY
  • • CLEAR
  • • THE BODY BULK, COMPACTNESS & THE PHYSICAL STRENGTH.
  • • HEALING PROCESS.
  • • LUBRICATION OF JOINTS & OTHER BODY PARTS.
  • • MENTAL QUALITIES: Forbearance, fortitude, greedless ness,intelligence.

PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION (SHARIRIKA PRAKRITI)

  • PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION IS OF SEVEN TYPES
  • 1. VATIKA
  • 2. PAITTIKA
  • 3. KAPHAJA
  • 4. VATA-PITTAJA
  • 5. VATA-KAPHAJA
  • 6. PITTA-KAPHAJA
  • 7. SAMADOSHAJA

This is an Overview about the Basics of Ayurveda…….

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