Fallot’s Tetralogy Clinical features Symptoms Complications WITH Treatment

Fallot’s Tetralogy Clinical features of Fallot’s Tetralogy Symptoms Complications WITH Treatment it is the commonest congenital cyanotic heart dis­ease. This congenital heart disease consists of ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, overriding of aorta and right ventricular hypertrophy. When there is moderate PS and small VSD, there is acyanotic Tetralogy of Fallot. As these chil­dren survive […]

Heart Failure Treatment Heart Failure GENERAL PRINCIPLES

  Heart Failure Treatment PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY Heart failure (HF) is a common clinical syndrome representing the end-stage of a number of different cardiac diseases. Heart failure may result from arrhythmias, heart valve lesions,myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia,  congenital malformation of the heart or great vessels, pericarditis, cardiomyopathy, constrictive or conditions that affect the heart indirectly,   […]

Ventricular Tachycardia VT Diagnosis Causes Clinical features with Treatment

  Cardiac Arrhythmias —   Ventricular Tachycardia VT – Three or more consecutive ventricular ectopic complexes (duration greater than 120 ms) occurring at a rate of 100 to 250 beats per minute.   Diagnosis of VT (ventricular tachycardia)     At least 3 consecutive wide QRS complexes Rate at least 100 per minute Usually rhythm […]

Supraventricular tachycardia and Ventricular fibrillation Causes Diagnosis with Treatment

  Cardiac Arrhythmias – Supraventricular tachycardia and Ventricular fibrillation — SVT. A rapid, regular tachycardia in which the pacemaker is found in the sinus node, the atria, or the atrioventricular junction, i.e., above the ventricles   Distinguishing features of SVT with wide QRS from VT — Triphasic QRS – rsR or qRs . Initial deflection […]

Sick Sinus Syndrome SSS Symptoms Causes Diagnosis with Treatment

Arrhythmia Sick Sinus Syndrome The sick sinus syndrome is a presentation with dizziness, confusion, fatigue, syncope, and heart failure caused by SA node dysfunction. Several electrocardiographical abnormalities caused by a malfunction of the sinoatrial node of the heart, in which there are episodes of tachycardia alternating with episodes of heart block or severely decreased heart […]