Sexually Transmitted Diseases Diagnosis Causes Symptoms of STD Information

The Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

 (STD) Sexually Transmitted Compleat information Diseases Causes, Symptoms,

Sexually Transmitted Diseases4
(STD) Sexually Transmitted Compleat information Diseases Causes, Symptoms, The Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Are a group of communicable diseases that are transmit­ted predominantly by sexual contact and caused by a wide range of bacterial, viral, protozoal and fungal agents and ectoparasites.

Classification of sexually transmitted disease agents-

A– Bacterial agents

  • · Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • · Chlamydia trachomatis
  • · Treponema pallidum
  • · Haemophilus ducreyi
  • · Mycoplasma hominis
  • · Ureaplasma urealyticum
  • · Calymmatobacterium granulomatis
  • · Shigella spp.
  • · Campylobacter spp.
  • · Group B streptoccous
  • ·Bacterial vaginosis-associated organisms.

B– Viral agents

  • · Human (alpha) herpesvirus 1 or 2 (herpes simplex virus)
  • · Human (beta) herpesvirus 5 (formerly cy­tomegalovirus)
  • · Hepatitis virus B
  • · Human papilloma viruses

C–  Protozoalagetns

  • · Entamoeba histolytica
  • · Giardia lamblia
  • · Trichomonas vaginalis.

D–  Fungalagents

  • • Candidia albicans.

E–  Ectoparasites

  • · Phthirus pubis
  • · Sarcoptes scabiei.

Causative organism

  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae — Gonorrhoea, urethritis, cervicitis, epididymitis, salpingitis, PID, neo­natal conjunctivitis
  • Treponema pallidum — Syphilis
  • Haemophilus ducreyi — Chancroid
  • Chlamydia trachomatis — LGV (Lymphogranuloma venereum), urethritis, cervicitis, procititis, epididymitis, infant pneumonia, Reiter’s syndrome, PID (Pelvic In­flammatory Disease), neonatal conjunctivitis
  • Calymmatobacterium granulomatis — Donovanosis (granuloma inguinale)
  • Herpes simplex virus — Genital herpes
  • Hepatitis B virus — Acute and chronic hepatitis Genital and anal warts
  • Human papilloma viruses – genital and anal warts
  • Human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) — AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
  • Molluscum contagiosum — Genital molluscum contagiosum
  • Candida albicans — Vaginitis
  • Trichomonas vaginalis — Vaginitis

Presentations of STD —

  • · Male urethritis
  • · Lower genital syndromes in women; vaginitis!
  • · Genital ulceration
  • · Procititis! colitis
  • · Salpingitis
  • · Epididymitis! orchitis
  • · Infertility! ectopic pregnancy
  • · Postnatal and perinatal morbidity
  • · Hepatitis! hepatic carcinoma
  • · Genital carcinoma
  • · Acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

NOTE–

Age: The highest incidence is at the age of 20-24 years i.e. sexually active group. Marital status: The frequency of STO infection is higher among single, divorced and separated persons than among married couples. Socio-economic status: individuals from the low­est socio economic have the highest morbidity. This is short description about STD disease. Precaution is always better then cure.

Related Posts:
You May Also Like::
Tagged with