Details About Generic Salt ::  Nystatin

Main Medicine Class:: Anti-infective,Antifungal   

(nye-STAT-in)
Mycostatin, Mycostatin Pastilles, Nilstat, Nystex, Pedi-Dri,  Candistatin, Nadostine, Nyaderm, PMS-Nystatin
Class: Anti-infective/Antifungal

 

Drugs Class ::

 Action Binds to fungal cell membrane, changing membrane permeability and allowing leakage of intracellular components.

Indications for Drugs ::

 Indications Treatment of intestinal, oral, vulvovaginal, cutaneous, or mucocutaneous candidiasis.

Drug Dose ::

 Route/Dosage

Intestinal Candidiasis

ADULTS and CHILDREN: PO 500,000 to 1,000,000 U tid. Continue treatment for ³ 48 hr after clinical cure.

Oral or Mucocutaneous Candidiasis

ADULTS & CHILDREN: PO (suspension) 200,000 to 600,000 U qid; swish and swallow, or PO (oral pastilles) 1 to 2 pastilles (200,000 to 400,000 U) dissolved in mouth 4 to 5 times/day. INFANTS: PO 200,000 U qid.

Vaginal Candidiasis

ADULTS: Intravaginal 100,000 U qd for 2 wk.

Cutaneous Candidiasis

ADULTS & CHILDREN: Topical Apply to affected areas bid to tid.

Contraindication ::

 Contraindications Standard considerations.

Drug Precautions ::

 Precautions

Pregnancy: Category C (oral); Category A (vaginal). Lactation: Undetermined. Effectiveness: Has no activity against bacteria or trichomonads. Not indicated for systemic mycoses. Topical preparations: Not for ophthalmic use.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


Drug Side Effects ::

 Adverse Reactions

GI: Diarrhea; GI distress; nausea; vomiting (with large oral doses). DERM: Irritation (with topical use).

Drug Mode of Action ::  

 Action Binds to fungal cell membrane, changing membrane permeability and allowing leakage of intracellular components.

Drug Interactions ::

 Interactions None well documented.

Drug Assesment ::

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies.
  • Although allergic reactions are rare, assess for rash, urticaria, burning, stinging, redness, and swelling.
  • Assess for factors predisposing to infection: pregnancy, antibiotic therapy, diabetes, infected sexual partners (vaginal infections). However, vaginal yeast infections are common and may not be associated with any of these factors.
  • Inspect mucous membranes before and frequently throughout course of therapy.
OVERDOSAGE: SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
  Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting

Drug Storage/Management ::

 Administration/Storage

  • For troche/pastilles administration, have patient dissolve troche in mouth. Instruct patient not to chew or swallow troche whole. Have patient retain troche in mouth as long as possible before swallowing.
  • For administration of oral suspension, place half of dose in each side of mouth. Have patient swish thoroughly around in mouth and retain in mouth as long as possible before swallowing. Shake suspension well. Use calibrated dropper provided.
  • Do not mix oral suspension in foods.
  • To use powder for extemporaneous compounding, reconstitute  tsp (500,000 U) in half glass of water and stir well. Use immediately; do not store. Can be administered in form of flavored frozen popsicle.
  • Cream or ointment is preferred for affected intertriginous areas. Wash and dry affected area before application. Use gloves or swabs to apply enough medication to cover lesion completely.
  • To use powder, clean and dry affected area before application. Dust powder on feet and in socks and shoes for infection of feet. Very moist lesions are best treated with powder.
  • For vaginal use, insert 1 tablet high into vagina with applicator.
  • Refrigerate vaginal tablets.
  • Avoid contact with eyes.
  • Store oral suspension in refrigerator. Protect from heat, light, moisture, and air.

Drug Notes ::

 Patient/Family Education

  • Instruct patient that long-term therapy may be needed to clear infection and that patient should complete entire course of medication. Take drug for 2 days after symptoms have disappeared or as directed.
  • Advise patient using vaginal preparations to wear light-day pad; drug may stain clothing and linens.
  • Advise patient to notify physician if irritation occurs.
  • Assure patient that relief from itching may occur after 24 to 72 hr.
  • Instruct patient to practice good hand washing before and after each application of topical or vaginal medication. Remind patient to wash applicator after each use.
  • Advise patient with oral candidiasis not to use mouthwash, which may alter normal flora and promote infections.
  • Teach patient to continue using vaginal tablets even when menstruating because treatment should be continued for 2 wk. Instruct patient to avoid using tampons.
  • Explain to patient that during pregnancy, use of vaginal applicator may be contraindicated, and manual insertion of vaginal tablets may be preferred.
  • Advise patient to prevent reinfection (ie, avoid intercourse during therapy or use condoms).
  • Instruct patient to discontinue drug and notify physician if vaginal tablets cause irritation, redness, or swelling.

Disclaimer ::

The Information available on this site is for only Informational Purpose , before any use of this information please consult your Doctor .Price of the drugs indicated above may not match to real price due to many possible reasons may , including local taxes etc.. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.

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