Details Descriptions About :: alcoholic fatty liver disease

Alcoholic fatty liver disease causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Alcoholic fatty liver disease

DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  The term alcoholic liver disease refers to medical conditions and their respective symptoms which develop due to liver damage by alcohol abuse and misuse. When the disease occurs, it may not cause any symptoms in the early stages, until the person €™s liver has undergone extensive damage.  Causes and Risk Factors  According to dictionary definition  The most common causes are:1. Excessive alcohol consumption for a long span of time2. Sporadic drinking, unusual and irregular drinking, and binge drinking
Stages of Fatty liver disease

1. Hepatitis: Alcohol may cause inflammatory swelling in the liver known as hepatitis.2.  Scarring: Cytokines released in alcohol metabolism  leads to  scaring of liver cells, which eventually can cause fibrosis and Cirrhosis of liver.  Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition  The symptoms of the disease are generally vague and may not be indicative how severe the condition is. In initial stage, the symptoms may present as:1. Fatigue2. Vomiting and nausea3. Unease4. Giddiness5. Drowsiness6. Loss of weight7. Loss of appetite

In advanced cases of the disease, the sufferer may display more concrete liver-related symptoms such as:1. Jaundice or yellowing of skin, mucous membrane and/or eyes2. Hematemesis (blood in the vomiting)3. Collection of fluids in the abdomen that brings about distension4. Encephalopathy: It is characterized by confusion, altered sleep patterns, and reduced levels of awareness. This may later progress to a coma.  InvestigationsAccording to dictionary definition  1. Your doctor will check for the following,  a) Parotid (salivary gland) and lacrimal gland (liquid producing glands in eyes) enlargementb) Spleen enlargementc) Liver tendernessd) Palmer rednesse) Jaundicef) Clubbing in the nails (softening of nail beds with deformed nails)

2. You doctor may ask you to perform tests such as liver function test.

3. Test to check the liver enzyme level (generally is altered in this case)

4. Blood test to check for:a) Anemiab) Leukocytosis or leukopenia (decrease in number of white blood cells)c) Thrombocytopenia (decrease in number of platelets in the blood)d) Hyperglycemia (increased glucose level in blood)5. To check for elevated blood ammonia level6. To check for respiratory alkalosis (rise in alkaline content)7. To check for levels of:a) Sodiumb) Potassiumc) Phosphated) Magnesium  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition  Treatment includes:

1. General treatment,a) Make sure you stop alcohol consumption completely. If the person has not yet suffered cirrhosis, the liver may still heal fully if alcohol abstinence is fully achieved.2. Treat malnutrition with healthy meal that would include fruits along with the vitamin supplements.3. Medications will include corticosteroids for alcoholic hepatitis. Prednisolone 40 mg/day or methylprednisolone 28 mg/day is administered for stipulated period as per the need. It is used cautiously in diabetics, gastrointestinal bleeding, and various infections.4. Symptomatic treatment for conditions such as,  a) Feverb) Nauseac) Vomitingd) Giddiness5. Liver transplant: It may be required in severe liver damage.  



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