Details Descriptions About :: atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Atopic dermatitis

DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Eczema is a condition wherein patches of skin become rough and inflamed. These patches may itch or bleed. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis.  
Different types of eczema include:1. Infantile eczema: This kind of eczema begins during infancy. In infants, the itchy patches tend to develop on the scalp and face. For some children, the condition completely resolves by the time they are 2 years old.  2. Hand eczema: Having atopic dermatitis increases the risk of developing hand eczema. Some people whose atopic dermatitis clears during adolescence can develop hand eczema later.

Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to dictionary definition  Common causes and triggers are:1. Certain foods and juices2. Everyday objects like wool and other fabric3.  Jewelry4. Overexposure to an irritant or allergen  Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition  1. In infants, the patches usually appear on the scalp and face.2. During the teenage and young-adult years, the itchy patches often develop on the elbows and knees, hands, feet, ankles, wrists, face, neck, and upper chest, around the eyes and on the eyelids.3. These patches are typically dry, red to brownish-gray, and may be scaly or have thickened skin.

Scratching often leads to:a) Rednessb) Swellingc) Crackingd) Release of clear fluide) Crusting and scaling of the skin  ComplicationsAccording to dictionary definition  Complications include:1. Severe infections secondary to scratching2. Dark pigmentation on healing of the inflamed skin3. Psychological trauma due to frustration4. Irritation due to irritable skin  InvestigationsAccording to dictionary definition  1. Skin tests and blood tests can identify a food allergy, asthma, and hay fever. These tests are seldom helpful for identifying the cause of eczema2. Long-term steroids and immunosuppressants may cause complications such as skin atrophy, secondary infections, weight gain, diabetes, etc. may be possible  PreventionAccording to dictionary definition  Preventive measures include:1. Avoid triggers3. Protect hands against soaps, cleansers, and other chemicals by wearing gloves.4. Use lukewarm water and less soap when washing the hands.5. To keep hands soft and supple, apply moisturizers throughout the day.  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition  1. A combination of therapies along with lifestyle changes can help to manage the disease.2. You may be recommended to apply corticosteroid or one of the newer immunomodulators to the skin to reduce the inflammation and itch.3. You may be prescribed an antibiotic in case of an infection.4. For severe cases, ultraviolet (UV) light therapy or oral immunosuppressing agents may be given.  



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