Article Contents ::
- 1 The Brand Name PENTASOL Has Generic Salt :: THIOPENTAL
- 2 PENTASOL Is From Company Jackson Priced :: Rs. N.I.
- 3 PENTASOL have THIOPENTAL is comes under Sub class #N/A of Main Class #N/A
- 4 Main Medicine Class:: #N/A Sub Medicine Class :: #N/A
- 5 Disclaimer ::
The Brand Name PENTASOL Has Generic Salt :: THIOPENTAL
PENTASOL Is From Company Jackson Priced :: Rs. N.I.
PENTASOL have THIOPENTAL is comes under Sub class #N/A of Main Class #N/A
Main Medicine Class:: #N/A Sub Medicine Class :: #N/A
|Salt Name : OR Generic Name||Form||Price : MRP /Probable||Packing|
Indications for Drugs ::
Status epilepticus, Induction of anesthesia, Reduction of raised intracranial pressure
Drug Dose ::
Intravenous Induction of anaesthesia Adult: 100-150 mg of a 2.5 or 5% solution injected over 10-15 sec repeated every 30-60 sec according to response or as a continuous infusion of a 0.2 or 0.4% solution. Max: 500mg. Max in pregnancy: 250mg. Child: 2-7 mg/kg over 10-15 seconds; repeated after 1 minute if needed.. Status epilepticus Adult: In conjunction with assisted ventilation: 75-125 mg as a 2.5% solution. Child: 5 mg/kg by slow IV inj followed by, neonates: continuous iv infusion of 2.5 mg/kg/hr; >1 month: 2-8 mg/kg/hr. Adjust infusion dose according to response. Reduction of raised intracranial pressure Adult: Intermittent bolus inj of 1.5-3.5 mg/kg, if adequate ventilation is provided. Child: 3 mth-15 yr: initial 5-10-mg/kg IV followed by a continuous IV infusion at 1-4 mg/kg/hr. Elderly: Dose reduction may be needed. Hepatic impairment: Dose reduction may be needed.
Thiopental Sodium for Injection is contraindicated in patients with severe respiratory embarrassment, hypersensitivity to barbiturates, status asthmaticus, variegate or acute intermittent porphyria, and inflammatory conditions of the mouth, jaw, and neck and in the absence of suitable veins for intravenous administration. Thiopental Sodium for Injection is also relatively contraindicated in severe cardiovascular disease, hypotension or shock, and conditions in which the hypnotic effect may be prolonged or potentiated, i.e. excessive premedication, Addison’s disease, hepatic or renal dysfunction, myxedema, increased blood urea, severe anemia and myasthenia gravis.
Drug Precautions ::
A person competent in anesthesia management should be in constant attendance and adequate facilities for support of respiration and circulation should be available when Thiopental Sodium for injection is being used. Thiopental Sodium for Injection should be administered with caution to patients with preexisting hypotension or in conditions where the hypnotic effect may be prolonged or intensified, such as in the presence of liver disease and renal disease. Warnings This product may be habit forming. Keep resuscitative and endotracheal intubation equipment and oxygen readily available. Maintain patency of the airway at all times. Only persons qualified in the use of anesthetics should administer this drug. Avoid extravasations or intra-arterial injection.
Drug Side Effects ::
Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported. Other adverse reactions to thiopental sodium include the followings: respiratory depression, myocardial depression, cardiac arrhythmias, prolonged somnolence and recovery, hypotension, tachycardia, sneezing, coughing, bronchospasm, laryngospasm and shivering. Anaphylactic reactions have been reported. Symptoms, e.g., urticaria, bronchospasm, vasodilation and edema.
Pregnancy category ::
Drug Mode of Action ::
Thiopental sodium, a short-acting barbiturate anaesthetic, is a CNS depressant inducing hypnosis and anaesthesia but not analgesia. It has also been used in the control of refractory tonic-clonic status epilepticus and to reduce increased intracranial pressure in neurosurgical patients.
Drug Interactions ::
Possible increase in difficulty in producing anaesthesia in patients taking alcohol or CNS depressants. Additive action with other CNS depressants including sedatives, hypnotics, nitrous oxide or alcohol. Increased hypotension and excitatory effects with phenothiazine antipsychotics. Increased hypnotic effect with antipsychotic. Decreased requirement of thiopental sodium with metoclopramide, sulfisoxazole, aspirin, meprobamate, probenecid and other highly protein bound drugs. Potentially Fatal: Increased resp depression with opioids.