Papaver Somniferum Opium NARCOTICS MADKARI DRAVYA

MADKARI DRAVYA ( NARCOTICS) drugs which alter the state of mind and hamper the decision making power of a person.for example– ALCOHOL, OPIUM, BHANGA(cannabis sativa).

  • it also stimulates vomitting centres, vagus nerve and CONSTRICTS PUPIL.
  • Ayurveda drug of EPILEPSY, TETANUS, NUXVOMICA POISONING, SCHIZOPHRENIA etc.
  • it can be used in case of sleeplessnes in case of painful conditions.
  • it relieves EPILEPSY, TETANUS, NUXVOMICA POISONING, SCHIZOPHRENIA etc.

 

PAPAVER SOMNIFRUM4
Papaver Somniferum Opium NARCOTICS MADKARI DRAVYA

each n every form of matter that exists is made up of PANCHMAHABHUT-

  • -AKASH(can be compared to the empty spaces)
  • VAYU(air that exists in the atmosphere and the one that exists as VATA DOSHA inside the body)
  • AGNI, JAL, PRITHVI.
  • These narcotic drugs have majority of AGNI AND VAYU mahabhut and have all kinds of RASA(MADHUR(sweet), AMLA(sour), LAVANA( salty), KATU(volatile oil and pungents), TIKTA(bitter), KASHAYA(astringents).
PAPAVER SOMNIFRUM 4
Papaver Somniferum Opium NARCOTICS MADKARI DRAVYA

madkari drugs contain the following GUNA(qualities).

  • TIKSHNA- acts as body cleanser
  • LAGHU- light
  • USHNA- increase heat in the body
  • SUKSHMA- fine hence reaches minutest areas in the body.
  • AMLA- sour
  • VYAVAYI-tat which swiftly spreads in the body and is digested later on.
  • ASHU- fast acting
  • RUKSHA- produce dryness in the body.
  • VIKASHI- spreads in the body and diminishes OJ( the vitality of the body)and loosens the joint areas.
  • VISHAD- non slimy.
PAPAVER SOMNIFRUM 1
Papaver Somniferum Opium NARCOTICS

AHIFEN FAMILY –

  • PAPAVERACEAE

LATIN NAME –

  • PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM
  • papaver somniferum opium

SANSKRIT NAME –

  • AAFUK
  • AHIFEN

HINDI NAME –

  • AFEEM
PAPAVER SOMNIFRUM 3
Papaver Somniferum Opium

 

  • according to AYURVEDA NIGHANTUS, on the basis of the color of the flowers it is of four types-
  • WHITE, YELLOW, BLACK, SPOTTED.

– according to the place of origin it is of four types —

  • TURKISH, EUROPEAN, FRNCH, INDIAN.

PLACE OF ORIGIN —

  • in temperate areas with a narrow range of temperature variations–
  • EUROPE, ASIA, NORTHERN AFRICA
  • IN INDIA it is found in UTTAR PRADESH, BIHAR, BENGAL, MALWA ETC.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION —

  • PRIMARY ALKALOIDS–
  • MORPHINE,
  • CODEINE,
  • THEBAINE,
  • NARCOTINE,
  • PAPAVERINE etc.

SECONDARY ALKALOIDS —

  • APOMORPHINE,
  • APOCODEINE,
  • DEOXYCODEINE,
  • PORPHYROXINE,
  • APOCODEINE

OTHERS —

  • MECONIN,
  • MECONIDINE,
  • OPIONIN
  • LACTIC ACID,
  • MECONIC ACID

GUNA —

GUNA –

  • laghu,
  • ruksh,
  • sukshm,
  • vyavayi,
  • vikashi

RASA –

  • tikta,
  • kashaya

VIPAKA –

  • katu

VIRYA –

  • ushna

PRABHAVA –

  • madak( sedative)
PAPAVER SOMNIFRUM 5
Papaver Somniferum Opium NARCOTICS MADKARI DRAVYA uses

ACTIONS AND USES —

  • when taken moderately it suppresses KAFA N VATA DOSHAS, however in large quantities it increases vata dosha and produces CONVULSIONS.
  • -it works as an analgesic and reduces oedema when applied as apaste alone or alongwith other drugs, in eye and ear diseases it can be used as an analgesic.
  • it can be used as suppositories and balm in diseases like PILES.
  • it works as a sedative, analgesic, hypnotic, anticonvulsant.
  • it also stimulates vomitting centres, vagus nerve and CONSTRICTS PUPIL.
  • it can be used in case of sleeplessnes in case of painful conditions.
  • it relieves EPILEPSY, TETANUS, NUXVOMICA POISONING, SCHIZOPHRENIA etc.
  • it suppresses all kinds of secretions from the body ( except urine, breast milk and sweat)as also blood loss.
  • also reduces blood sugar levels.
  • produces constrictions in the intestinal and stomach musculature developing constipation( hence can be used in case of diarrhoea)
  • improves strength of the heart and suppresses heart rate.
  • it acts as a respiratory deppressant.
  • delays ejaculation period hence can be used in reproductive disorders.
  • in case of skin disorders it improves complications due to cold .
  • helpful in malarial fever and elephantiasis.

USEFUL PARTS —

  • FRUIT EXTRACTS

STANDARD DOSAGE —

  • 30–125 mg.

MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS —

  • AHIFENASAVA,
  • NIDRODYA VATI,
  • KARPUR RASA,
  • MAHAVATRAJ RASA,
  • DUGDH VATI,
  • AKARKARABHADI VATI.

AHIFEN SHOULD HOWEVER NOT BE USED IN

  • pulmonary oedena,
  • dyspnoea, meningitis,
  • fever,
  • cerebral haemorrhages,
  • renal disorders,
  • in case of infants and old aged patients, all chronic disorders as its long use causes addiction.

 

OPIUM POISONING – symptoms-

  • lethargy,
  • sleepyness,
  • hemiplegia,
  • convulsions,
  • respiratory failure and eventually death.

TREATMENT —

  • stomach wash,
  • water mixed with mustard,
  • asfoetida,
  • amla,
  • erand(ricinus communis),
  • ghee nicotine copper sulphate,
  • neem etc.
  • use of heart stimulants like coffee decoction.
  • patient should not be allowed to sleep until the poison is detoxified.