Abdominal Rigidity

Abdominal Rigidity General Signs and Symptoms Abdominal Rigidity [Abdominal Muscle Spasm, Involuntary Guarding] Distinguishing voluntary from involuntary abdominal rigidity is a must for accurate assessment. Review this comparison so that you can quickly tell the two apart. VOLUNTARY RIGIDITY • Usually symmetrical • More rigid on inspiration (expiration causes muscle relaxation) • Eased by relaxation […]

Abdominal pain

General Abdominal pain Abdominal pain arises from the abdominopelvic viscera; the parietal peritoneum; or the capsules of the liver, kidney, or spleen Pain may also be referred to the abdomen, sharp, well-localized, referred pain is felt in skin or deeper tissues and may coexist with skin hyperesthesia and muscle hyperalgesia Abdominal pain usually results from […]

Abdominal Mass

Abdominal Mass Signs and Symptoms Typically, this sign develops insidiously and may represent an enlarged organ, a neoplasm, an abscess, a vascular defect, or a fecal mass. Commonly detected on routine physical examination, an abdominal mass is a localized swelling in one abdominal quadrant. Distinguishing an abdominal mass from a normal structure requires skillful palpation. […]

Abdominal Distention

Abdominal Distention Distention may be mild or severe, depending on the amount of pressure. Abdominal distention refers to increased abdominal girth—the result of increased intra-abdominal pressure forcing the abdominal wall outward. It may be localized or diffuse and may occur gradually or suddenly. Abdominal distention may result from fat, flatus, a fetus (pregnancy or intra-abdominal […]

Acute Peritonitis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment

Acute Peritonitis Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Peritonitis Peritonitis is inflammation of peritoneum. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is defined as an ascitic fluid infection without an evident intraabdominal surgically-treatable source ACUTE PERITONITIS Peritonitis is inflammation of peritoneum. May be localized or diffuse, acute or chronic, infec­tious or aseptic. Acute peritonitis is usually infectious and related with […]