Details Descriptions About :: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder adhd

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd) causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Attention deficit hyperkinetic/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects children and often persists into adulthood. It is characterized by difficulty in sustaining attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. It is seen thrice as commonly in boys as in girls.  Causes and Risk Factors  According to dictionary definition  The exact cause of ADHD is not known. Factors that have been implicated include the following:1. Genetics2. Environmental factors such as exposure to lead, found in paint, has been seen to increase the incidence of ADHD.3. Cigarette smoking or alcohol abuse in pregnancy also increases risk of ADHD in the child.4. Food additives  Signs and Symptoms  According to dictionary definition  Common symptoms are:1. Makes careless mistakes in activities2. Has trouble sustaining attention during tasks3. Can be easily distracted4. Dislikes waiting for his turn5. Has difficulty following instructions  InvestigationsAccording to dictionary definition    1. No single test can diagnose a child as a case of ADHD. The child needs to be seen by a pediatrician and a psychiatrist.2. American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV) lists certain criteria for diagnosis of ADHD  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition    Though complete cure of ADHD is not possible, with current treatment modalities, it is possible to significantly reduce symptoms and improve function. These include:1. Medications that help to,a) Reduce hyperactivity and impulsivityb) The children to focus on the task2. Psychotherapy is a behavioral therapy that aims to change the behavior of a child, so that he can focus better.3. Parents can help the child by keeping a more or less fixed schedule, and by organizing his everyday items.  PrognosisAccording to dictionary definition  In about 50% of patients with ADHD, the symptoms persist into adulthood. Symptoms can however be controlled to a great extent with proper treatment, and most patients are able to lead a near-normal life.  Complications and When Should You See a Doctor  According to dictionary definition  Complications may increase the risk of:1. Alcohol and drug abuse2. Delinquent behavior



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