Details Descriptions About :: myelodysplastic syndrome

Myelodysplastic syndrome causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Myelodysplastic syndrome

DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  The bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It contains immature cells, called stem cells. The stem cells can develop into the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your body, the white blood cells that fight infections, and the platelets that help with blood clotting.

If you have myelodysplastic syndrome, the stem cells do not mature into healthy blood cells. Many of them die in the bone marrow. This means that you do not have enough healthy cells, which can lead to infection, anemia, or easy bleeding.  Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition  Myelodysplastic syndromes often do not cause early symptoms and are sometimes found during a routine blood test. Common symptoms are:1. Shortness of breath2. Weakness or feeling tired3. Skin that is paler than usual4. Easy bruising or bleeding5. Pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding6. Fever or frequent infections  Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to dictionary definition  Myelodysplastic syndromes are rare. People at higher risk are over 60 years, have had chemotherapy or radiation therapy, or have been exposed to certain chemicals.  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition  Treatment includes:1. Transfusions2. Drug therapy3. Chemotherapy4. Blood or bone marrow stem cell transplants  NIH: National Cancer Institute



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