Details Descriptions About :: polycystic ovary syndrome pcos

Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

According to dictionary definition  DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Unusual growth of small cysts, leading to hormonal imbalance, in the ovaries leads to a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The syndrome causes several side-effects such as adult acne, infertility, excessive weight gain, increased facial or body hair growth and makes living with PCOS a battle in itself.  Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to dictionary definition  While the exact cause of polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is not known, specialists believe that hormonal imbalance and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS, in case their mother or sister also suffers from the same problem.1. Increased levels of androgens2. Increased levels of insulin  Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition  A woman starts presenting with symptoms of PCOS soon after she starts menstruating. The severity and type differ from person to person. The most common symptoms are:1. Irregular periods/irregular menstrual cycles2. Appearance of certain male traits such as(a) Excessive hair on the face, chest, thumbs, toes, or stomach(b) Deeper voice(c) Thin hair(d) Decreased breast size3. Other symptoms may include:(a) Weight gain(b) Acne (pimples)(c) Anxiety or depression(d) Infertility(e) Pain in pelvic region  InvestigationsAccording to dictionary definition  1. No single test is indicated for diagnosing PCOS. For diagnosing PCOD and for ruling out other causes, your doctor will carry out a physical and pelvic examination to look for signs of PCOS such as swollen ovaries and swollen clitoris.2. Physical examination findings may include presence of extra hair on your face, chin and body (hirsutism), acne, thinning of scalp hair, etc.3. Pelvic ultrasound (sonogram)4. Your doctor will ask you to get certain blood checks done in order to measure hormone levels.5. Additional tests may be asked for are,(a) Thyroid function tests(b) Fasting glucose for measuring blood glucose(c) Lipid profile for assessing the cholesterol levels in the blood  Treatment and PreventionAccording to dictionary definition  There is no curative treatment available for PCOS.1. A healthy diet and regular exercise is a treatment recommended for obese females who are afflicted with PCOS. This can help in regularizing their menstrual cycles and lower the blood sugar levels.2. Antiandrogens drugs3. Surgery such as “ovarian drilling €  Complications and When Should You See a DoctorAccording to dictionary definition  Potential risks of PCOS include:(a) High cholesterol(b) Hypertension (high blood pressure)(c) Diabetes(d) Heart attack(e) Anxiety and depression(f) Breast cancer(g) Endometrial cancer (cancer caused by thickening of the uterine lungs)(h) Sleep apnea (sleep disorder characterized by intermittent breathing during sleep)



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