Details Descriptions About :: prevention of cholera

Prevention of cholera causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Prevention of Cholera

DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  It is an infection of the intestine that is caused by bacteria known as Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae). It usually spreads through contaminated water. It causes severe diarrhea and dehydration and if untreated leads to death.  Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to dictionary definition  1. V. cholerae causes cholera infection. The effects of the disease are a result of a potent toxin called cholera toxin (CTX) that bacteria produce in the small intestine.2. Cholera can spread through surface water, seafood, raw food, and grains also.  Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition  Common symptoms of the infection are:1. Diarrhea2. Nausea and vomiting3. Dehydration4. Irritability5. Lethargy6. Sunken eyes7. Dry mouth and extreme thirst  8. Low urine output9. Low blood pressure with an irregular heartbeat  Complications and When Should You See a DoctorAccording to dictionary definition  1. It can be fatal, causing large amount of fluid loss and electrolyte loss within few hours. In some situations where the individuals do not receive treatment die of dehydration and shock 18 hours after the cholera symptoms occur.2. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can cause seizures, unconsciousness, and even death.3. Low potassium levels (hypokalemia) may interfere with the heart and nerve function and is life-threatening.4. Kidney failure will impair the kidney function. The kidneys lose their filtering ability.  PreventionAccording to dictionary definition  Preventive measures include:1. Wash hands with soap and water frequently2. Do not eat unhealthy and raw food3. Drink only safe water, including bottled water4. Stick to fruits and vegetables that can be peeled by you  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition  Treatment includes:1. Rehydration2. Intravenous fluids3. Antibiotics4. Zinc supplements



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