Details About Generic Salt ::  Buspiron

Main Medicine Class:: Antianxiety   

(byoo-SPY-rone HIGH-droe-KLOR-ide)
BuSpar,  Apo-Buspirone, Bustab, Gen-Buspirone, Linbuspirone, Novo-Buspirone, Nu-Buspirone, PMS-Buspirone
Class: Antianxiety

 

Drugs Class ::

 Action Mechanism unknown; does not exert anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant effects.

Indications for Drugs ::

 Indications Treatment of anxiety disorders; short-term relief of anxiety symptoms. Unlabeled use(s): Reduction of symptoms of PMS.

Drug Dose ::

 Route/Dosage

ADULTS: INITIAL DOSE: PO 5 mg tid; may increase by 5 mg/day q 2 to 3 days prn (maximum 60 mg/day in divided doses).

Contraindication ::

 Contraindications Severe liver and kidney impairment.

Drug Precautions ::

 Precautions

Pregnancy: Category B. Lactation: Undetermined. Nursing should be avoided. Children < 18 yr: Safety and efficacy not established.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


Drug Side Effects ::

 Adverse Reactions

CV: Chest pain; cerebrovascular accident; CHF; MI. CNS: Dizziness; headache; nervousness; lightheadedness; insomnia; excitement; dream disturbances. GI: Nausea. HEMA: Eosinophilia; leukopenia; thrombocytopenia.

Drug Mode of Action ::  

 Action Mechanism unknown; does not exert anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant effects.

Drug Interactions ::

 Interactions

Haloperidol: May elevate haloperidol serum levels. MAO inhibitors: May elevate BP. Trazodone: May elevate serum concentrations of ALT.

Drug Assesment ::

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies. Assess for drug abuse potential and suicidal tendencies.
  • If patient is currently taking benzodiazepines or other sedative-hypnotic drugs, gradually taper dosages of these drugs until discontinued because buspirone HCl will not block withdrawal symptoms.
  • If patient is currently taking digoxin, assess for cardiac arrhythmias or signs of escalating symptoms of CHF.
  • If patient has history of drug misuse or abuse, monitor for behaviors such as drug tolerance or drug seeking.
  • If patient displays suicidal tendencies, institute suicide precautions immediately and inform physician.
OVERDOSAGE: SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
  Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, miosis, gastric distress

Drug Storage/Management ::

 Administration/Storage

  • Administer with food, which may decrease rate of absorption and increase bioavailability of drug.
  • Store in a dry place at room temperature.

Drug Notes ::

 Patient/Family Education

  • Advise patient that optimal therapeutic results usually do not occur until after 3 to 4 wk of treatment. However, some improvement may be noted within 7 to 10 days.
  • Caution patient to avoid intake of alcoholic beverages and other CNS depressants.
  • Instruct patient to report any of the following symptoms to physician: Dizziness, drowsiness, insomnia, nervousness, headache, nausea, fatigue or abnormal movements.
  • Advise patient that drug may cause drowsiness and dizziness, and to use caution while driving or performing other tasks requiring mental alertness.
  • Instruct patient not to take otc medications without consulting physician.

Disclaimer ::

The Information available on this site is for only Informational Purpose , before any use of this information please consult your Doctor .Price of the drugs indicated above may not match to real price due to many possible reasons may , including local taxes etc.. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.

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