Abdominal Rigidity

Abdominal Rigidity General Signs and Symptoms Abdominal Rigidity [Abdominal Muscle Spasm, Involuntary Guarding] Distinguishing voluntary from involuntary abdominal rigidity is a must for accurate assessment. Review this comparison so that you can quickly tell the two apart. VOLUNTARY RIGIDITY • Usually symmetrical • More rigid on inspiration (expiration causes muscle relaxation) • Eased by relaxation […]

Abdominal pain

General Abdominal pain Abdominal pain arises from the abdominopelvic viscera; the parietal peritoneum; or the capsules of the liver, kidney, or spleen Pain may also be referred to the abdomen, sharp, well-localized, referred pain is felt in skin or deeper tissues and may coexist with skin hyperesthesia and muscle hyperalgesia Abdominal pain usually results from […]

Abdominal Mass

Abdominal Mass Signs and Symptoms Typically, this sign develops insidiously and may represent an enlarged organ, a neoplasm, an abscess, a vascular defect, or a fecal mass. Commonly detected on routine physical examination, an abdominal mass is a localized swelling in one abdominal quadrant. Distinguishing an abdominal mass from a normal structure requires skillful palpation. […]

Abdominal Distention

Abdominal Distention Distention may be mild or severe, depending on the amount of pressure. Abdominal distention refers to increased abdominal girth—the result of increased intra-abdominal pressure forcing the abdominal wall outward. It may be localized or diffuse and may occur gradually or suddenly. Abdominal distention may result from fat, flatus, a fetus (pregnancy or intra-abdominal […]


AORTIC ANEURYSM Etiology Symptoms with Treatment Aneurysm is a pathological dilatation of a seg­ment of vessel. An aneurysm affecting any part of the aorta from the aortic valve to the iliac arteries. True aneurysm involves all 3 layers of an ar­tery or vein or heart. Pseudo aneurysm is a breakage of intima and media of […]