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Details Descriptions About :: hernia
Hernia causes symptoms treatment
Description of Hernia
Description of herniaAccording to dictionary definition Hernia is defined as a condition in which a part of an organ is displaced from its usual place and protrudes through the wall of the cavity that contains it. Hernia can occur due to persistent communication (called processus vaginalis) between the belly and the scrotum. Different types of hernia include:1. Inguinal/groin hernia: It develops in the groin and descends down to scrotum.2. Incisional hernia: This develops due to weakness of incision site of previous surgery like cesarean section, hysterectomy, and appendectomy.3. Femoral hernia: It is a rare hernia, more commonly seen in females. It is similar to an inguinal hernia and starts below the groin crease and then ascends up. Signs and Symptoms of herniaAccording to dictionary definition Common symptoms of hernia are:1. Swelling appears on standing and disappears on lying down. It can persist also.2. Abdominal pain3. Vomiting4. Inability to pass gas and stools5. Urinary discomfort6. Other complaints are:a) Persistent coughb) Straining to pass urine or stools Causes and Risk Factors of herniaAccording to dictionary definition 1. In children, it may arise due to weakness of abdominal wall muscles2. Strenuous work 3. Weak abdominal wall muscles4. Increasing age (hernial opening may increase with age) Complications and When Should You See a DoctorAccording to dictionary definition 1. Normally, an uncomplicated hernia is reducible. However, in an irreducible hernia the contents get adherent to each other or the wall.2. Obstructed hernia: It is an irreducible hernia where the lumen of the intestine is blocked. 3. Strangulated hernia: It is an irreducible hernia in which the blood supply is obstructed. In this condition, the swelling is extremely tense and painful.4. Inflamed hernia5. Recurrence of the disease Treatment of herniaAccording to dictionary definition Medical treatment is usually preferred when the patient has complications. The common options include surgical treatment that includes:a) Conventional surgeryb) Laparoscopic hernia repair: It offers less postoperative morbidity and also has been found to be advantageous for bilateral hernia, recurrent hernia after conventional surgery.