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Hyperthyroidism causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Hyperthyroidism

DescriptionAccording to dictionary definition  Hyperthyroidism is defined as a condition where excess of thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. In this condition, there is an excess of thyroid hormones (T3- thyroxine and T4 -triiodothyronine) that is responsible for metabolism in our body and help maintain the overall BMR.  Signs and Symptoms  According to dictionary definition  Common signs include,1. Hyped metabolism  2. Tachycardia and palpitation (pounding heart beats)3. Weight loss in spite of voracious appetite4. Frequent bowel movements5. Fine tremors6. Fatigue and generalized weakness  7. Insomnia8. Hyperactivity, irritability, impaired concentration, nervousness and psychosis.  Causes and Risk Factors  According to dictionary definition  Common causes and risk factors include,1. Graves’ disease is one of the most common causes of hyperthyroidism2. Excess of iodine excess3. Increased functionality of the thyroid nodules4. Thyroiditis    Investigations  According to dictionary definition  1. Blood investigation for TSH, T3, T4: high T3 & T4  2. Thyroid scintigraphy is a useful test to characterize (distinguish between causes of) hyperthyroidism, and this entity from thyroiditis.This test procedure typically involves two tests performed in connection with each other: an iodine uptake test and a scan (imaging) with a gamma camera.3. Differential Diagnosis include,a) Anxiety and panic attacksb) Weight loss due to malignancy  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition  1. Medications include,a) Antithyroid drugsb) Beta blockersc) Radioactive iodine  2. Surgical Treatment includes,a) Subtotal thyroidectomy    

 

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