Details Descriptions About :: liver cirrhosis with edema

Liver cirrhosis with edema causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Liver cirrhosis with edema

DefinitionAccording to dictionary definition  Cirrhosis of liver is a result of a long-term liver damage which causes liver scarring. Healthy liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue which in turn affects the functioning of the liver. This damage is irreversible and eventually can progress to liver failure where the liver stops functioning entirely.  Causes and Risk FactorsAccording to dictionary definition  Common causes for cirrhosis of liver are:1. Alcohol misuse or abuse: Liver is the main site for detoxification of alcohol. Overconsumption of alcohol can make the liver over worked which gradually leads to liver damage.2. Infection with hepatitis C or hepatitis B3. Autoimmune hepatitis: The person €™s own immune system attacks healthy body tissue.4. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis which causes fat to accumulate in the liver.5. Damage to bile ducts6. Inability of the body to handle iron and copper. These include Wilson €™s disease and hemochromatosis.7. Medications like acetaminophen, certain antibiotics, and some antidepressants.  Common risk factors are:1. Obesity2. Age and gender can also impact the onset of cirrhosis  Signs and SymptomsAccording to dictionary definition  There are very few symptoms in the early stages of liver cirrhosis. However, as there is loss of liver function you may experience following symptoms:1. Loss of appetite2. Nausea3. Itchy skin4. Weight loss5. Weakness  Symptoms in the later stages include:1. Jaundice2. Vomiting of blood3. Dark stools4. Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen  InvestigationsAccording to dictionary definition  The best test for investigating and making a diagnosis is a liver biopsy. A physical examination and complete history will also be taken. Tests will be required to determine the underlying cause of cirrhosis which include:1. Complete blood count2. Coagulation blood test3. Albumin test-albumin is a protein produced by the liver.4. Liver function tests  Other tests include:a) Endoscopyb) Ultrasound of the liverc) MRI of the abdomend) CT scan of the abdomene) Liver biopsy  TreatmentAccording to dictionary definition  There is no cure for cirrhosis. However, symptoms can be managed with medications to reduce intensity of disease and slow down progress of disease. The various medications that might be used are as follows:1. Medications include:a) Antiviral and antibiotic medications to treat underlying hepatitis that is causing cirrhosisb) Lactulose and low protein diet allow recovery of liver cells2. Lifestyle and diet: Cessation of alcohol and losing weight are necessary for treating cirrhosis.3. Surgery: In severe cases of liver, scarring liver transplant maybe needed.  Complications and When Should You See a DoctorAccording to dictionary definition  Consult a doctor immediately when you experience any of these:1. Bleeding due to a decrease in clotting factors which are produced by the liver.2. Easy bruising due to decrease in clotting factor proteins from liver.3. Kidney failure indicated by a reduced urine output4. Insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes development5. Hepatic encephalopathy might occur in severe cases — a condition due to effects of toxins on the brain.6. Enlarged spleen7. Esophageal varices — presence of blood in sputum8. Edema and ascites (fluid collection in feet and abdomen)  Prevention and PrognosisAccording to dictionary definition  1. The best way to prevent cirrhosis is by not drinking excess alcohol. Men and women are advised not to drink more than 14 units of alcohol in a week.2. Viral infections like hepatitis C and hepatitis B can be spread through sexual contact. It is advised to always indulge in safe sex practices, use sterile fresh needles and syringes, and screen blood for these infections before transfusion.3. Vaccine for hepatitis B is available and should be taken without fail.  Prognosis depends upon the underlying cause and the treatment taken for this. The prognosis of this disease depends upon early diagnosis.  



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