Details About Generic Salt ::  Pancuron

Main Medicine Class:: Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocker   

(PAN-cue-ROW-nee-uhm BROE-mide)
Pavulon
Class: Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocker

 

Drugs Class ::

 Action Binds competitively to cholinergic receptors on motor end-plate to antagonize action of acetylcholine, resulting in block of neuromuscular transmission.

Indications for Drugs ::

 Indications Adjunct to general anesthesia for induction of skeletal muscle relaxation; facilitation of management of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation; facilitation of tracheal intubation.

Drug Dose ::

 Route/Dosage

Surgical Procedures

ADULTS & CHILDREN > 1 MO: IV 0.04 to 0.1 mg/kg initially. Maintenance: Use incremental doses q 25 to 60 min beginning with 0.01 mg/kg. NEONATES (< 1 MO): IV Test dose: 0.02 mg/kg.

Endotracheal Intubation

ADULTS & CHILDREN: IV 0.06 to 0.1 mg/kg. NEONATES: IV Test dose: 0.02 mg/kg.

Contraindication ::

 Contraindications Hypersensitivity to bromides.

Drug Precautions ::

 Precautions

Pregnancy: Category C; do not use in early pregnancy. Labor: Reduce dosage in cesarean section if patient is receiving magnesium sulfate. Children: Prolonged use in neonates undergoing mechanical ventilation has been associated with severe skeletal muscle weakness and methemoglobinemia. Altered circulation time (eg, elderly patients, patients with CV disease or edema): Delay in onset of action. Electrolyte imbalance: Neuromuscular blockade may be altered depending on nature of imbalance. Hepatic or biliary tract disease: Results in slower onset and prolonged duration. Myasthenia gravis: Small doses may have profound effects. Obesity/Neuromuscular disease: Require special attention to airway maintenance and ventilatory support. Pain/Anxiety: Pancuronium does not have analgesic or antianxiety effects. Paralyzed patient will still need analgesic or sedative agents if indicated. Renal disease: Renally excreted; may require lower doses or less frequent maintenance doses.

PATIENT CARE CONSIDERATIONS


Drug Side Effects ::

 Adverse Reactions

CV: Tachycardia; elevated BP. DERM: Transient rash. GI: Salivation. RESP: Respiratory insufficiency; apnea. OTHER: Skeletal muscle weakness to complete relaxation; hypersensitivity reactions (eg, bronchospasm, flushing, redness, hypotension, tachycardia).

Drug Mode of Action ::  

 Action Binds competitively to cholinergic receptors on motor end-plate to antagonize action of acetylcholine, resulting in block of neuromuscular transmission.

Drug Interactions ::

 Interactions

Aminoglycosides, bacitracin, clindamycin, colymycin, polymyxin B, inhalational anesthetics, ketamine, lincomycin, magnesium salts, quinidine, quinine, succinylcholine, vancomycin: May augment action of pancuronium. Azathioprine, mercaptopurine: May cause reversal of neuromuscular blocking effects of pancuronium. Carbamazepine, hydantoins: May decrease duration and effect of pancuronium. Theophyllines: May cause possible resistance to, or reversal of, effects of pancuronium; cardiac arrhythmias may occur. Trimethaphan: May cause prolonged apnea.

Drug Assesment ::

 Assessment/Interventions

  • Obtain patient history, including drug history and any known allergies.
  • If patient has myasthenia gravis, small test dose must be administered and patient’s response to administration of muscle relaxant must be monitored.
  • Provide total care for immobilized patient.
  • Turn patient and perform chest physiotherapy q 2 hr.
  • Assess I&O.
  • Check mechanical ventilator settings often.
  • Monitor respiratory status closely and notify physician if changes occur. Auscultate breath sounds to detect wheezes or crackles.
  • Monitor vital signs frequently during therapy to detect cardiovascular reactions.
  • If respiratory status changes, notify physician.
  • If respiratory secretions develop, perform suction.
  • If electrolytes and blood gases deteriorate, notify physician immediately.
OVERDOSAGE: SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
  Skeletal muscle relaxation, decreased respiratory reserve, low tidal volume, apnea, prolonged neuromuscular blockade

Drug Storage/Management ::

 Administration/Storage

  • May be diluted in 0.9% Sodium Chloride, D5W, 5% Dextrose and Sodium Chloride, and Lactated Ringer’s solution.
  • Have entratracheal equipment, oxygen, suction equipment, and mechanical ventilator available for respiratory support.
  • Diluted solution is stable for 48 hr at room temperature.
  • Store undiluted product in refrigerator (potency maintained for 2 yr) or at room temperature (potency maintained for 6 mo).

Drug Notes ::

 Patient/Family Education

  • Reassure patient and family that breathing will return to normal after pancuronium is discontinued.
  • Maintain calm environment, provide reassurance regularly, and explain all procedures to patient and family.

Disclaimer ::

The Information available on this site is for only Informational Purpose , before any use of this information please consult your Doctor .Price of the drugs indicated above may not match to real price due to many possible reasons may , including local taxes etc.. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.

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