Details Descriptions About :: dry eyes

Dry eyes causes symptoms treatment 

Description of Dry eyes

Definition of Dry eyeAccording to dictionary definition  Dry eye (Xeropthalmia) is a condition in which the eye fails to make enough tears to coat it, which exposes the cornea and conjunctiva (outer coverings of the eye) to evaporation and subsequent damage.Also known by names such as Xerosis, Keratitis sicca, Keratoconjunctivitis sicca.  Causes and Risk Factors of Dry eye According to dictionary definition  According to dictionary definition  Dry eye may result due to deficiency of either mucus or aqueous component, or both.Causes of decreased mucus production due to degeneration of conjunctival/corneal epithelium are,1. Vitamin A deficiency2. Burns3. Infections like trachoma, diphtheria4. Eye lid abnormalities €“ ectropion, proptosis  Causes of decreased tear production by lacrimal gland are,  1. Sjogren Syndrome2. Rheumatoid arthritis3. Systemic Lupus Erythematous  InvestigationsAccording to dictionary definition  1. Staining with dye e.g. rose Bengal dye, to look for damaged epithelium2. Slit lamp examination of the film of tears (a dye such as fluorescein may be placed in the eye to make the tear film more visible)3. Schirmer’s test measures the rate of tear production using a calibrated paper wick placed on the edge of the eyelid4. Tear Lysoszyme ratio  Treatments of Dry eye  According to dictionary definition  a) Use of dark glasses outdoorsb) Hot compresses or eyelash cleaningc) Vitamin A supplements in deficiency cases or application of topical trans- retinoic acidd) Artificial tear dropse) Permanent blockage of the puncta of the eye, delaying the tear drainage with the help of silicone plugs or cauterization.f) Lateral tarsorrhaphy for the eyelid can also be done to reduce evaporation of tearsg) Medications such as Restasis, topical corticosteroids, and oral tetracycline and doxycycline  Complications and When Should You See a DoctorAccording to dictionary definition  a) Ulceration or infection of corneab) Loss of vision



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